Parvaneh Hemmati Hassan Gavyar

Departement of Biology, Factulty of Science, Lorestan University, Khoram-Abad, Iran

Hamzeh Amiri

Departement of Biology, Factulty of Science, Lorestan University, Khoram-Abad, Iran


Essential oils from the leaves, stems and flowers of Postia puberula at the flowering stage were analyzed using GC and GC/MS. The results showed that leaves are abundant of cis-3-hexenyl benzoate (10.75%), benzyl benzoate (8.16%) and caryophyllene oxide (8.12%). The main compounds of stems were benzyl benzoate (21.92%), E-nuciferol (11.58%) and dibutyl phthalate (7.08%), while major components of flowers were benzyl benzoate (9.99%), caryophyllene oxide (8.14%) and E-nuciferol (8.13%). The antioxidant activities of methanol extract were evaluated by DPPH and β-carotene/linoleic acid assays. The results showed that in both methods, leaves had stronger antioxidant activity than other organs.


benzyl benzoate, caryophyllene oxide, DPPH, β-carotene/linoleic acid, essential oil, Postia puberula

Abad, M.J., Bedoya, L.M., Apaza, L., Bermejo, P. (2012). The Artemisia L. genus: a review of bioactive essential oils. Molecules, 17, 2542−2566.

Adams, R. (2001). Identification of essential oil compounds by gas chromatography/quadrupole mass spectroscopy Carol Stream. Allured Pub. Corp., USA.

Aktumsek, A., Zengin, G., Guler, G.O., Cakmak, Y.S., Duran, A. (2013). Assessment of the antioxidant potential and fatty acid composition of four Centaurea L. taxa from Turkey. Food Chem., 141, 91–97.‏

Amiri, H. (2011). The in vitro antioxidative properties of the essential oils and methanol extracts of Satureja macrosiphonia Bornm. J. Nat. Prod. Res., 25, 232–243.

Arituluk, Z.C., Tatli Çankaya, İ.İ., Gencler Özkan, A.M. (2016). Antioxidant activity, total phenolic and flavonoid of some Tanacetum L. (Asteraceae) taxa growing in Turkey. FABAD J. Pharm. Sci., 41, 17−25.‏

Chhetri, B.K., Ali, N.A.A., Setzer, W.N. (2015). A survey of chemical compositions and biological activities of Yemeni aromatic medicinal plants. Medicines, 2, 67–92.

Djidel, S., Khennouf, S. (2014). Radical scavenging, reducing power, lipid peroxidation inhibition and chelating properties of extracts from Artemisia campestris L. aerial parts. Annu. Res. Rev. Biol., 4, 1691–1702.

Firouznia, A., Akbari, M.T., Rustaiyan, A., Masoudi, S., Bigdeli, M., Anaraki, M.T. (2007). Composition of the essential oils of Artemisia turanica Krasch., Helichrysum oocephalum Boiss. and Centaurea ispahanica Boiss. three asteraceae herbs growing wild in Iran. J. Essent. Oil Bear. Pl., 10, 88–93.‏

Flamini, G., Ertugrul, K., Cioni, P.L., Morelli, I., Dural, H., Bagci, Y. (2002). Volatile constituents of two endemic Centaurea species from Turkey: C. pseudoscabiosa subsp. pseudoscabiosa and C. hadimensis. Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 30, 953–959.

Gharibi, S., Tabatabaei, B.E.S., Saeidi, G., Goli, S.A.H., Talebi, M. (2013). Total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of three Iranian endemic Achillea species. Ind. Crops Prod., 50, 154–158.

Heim, K.E., Tagliaferro, A.R., Bobilya, D.J. (2002). Flavonoid antioxidants: chemistry, metabolism and structure-activity relationships. J. Nutr. Biochem., 13, 572–584. ‏

Hertog, M.G., Hollman, P.C., Van de Putte, B. (1993). Content of potentially anticarcinogenic flavonoids of tea infusions, wines, and fruit juices. J. Agric. Food Chem., 41, 1242–1246.

Judzentiene, A., Budiene, J., Butkiene, R., Kupcinskiene, E., Laffont-Schwob, I., Masotti, V. (2010). Caryophyllene oxide-rich essential oils of Lithuanian Artemisia campestris ssp. campestris and their toxicity. Nat. Prod. Commun., 5, 1981–1984.‏

Kahriman, N., Tosun, G., Terzioglu, S., Karaoglu, S.A., Yayli, N. (2011). Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils from the flower, leaf, and stem of Senecio pandurifolius. Rec. Nat. Prod., 5, 82.‏

Karamenderes, C., Demirci, B., Baser, K.H.C. (2008). Composition of essential oils of ten Centaurea L. taxa from Turkey. J. Essent Oil Res., 20, 342–349.

Karamian, R., Azizi, A., Asadbegy, M., Pakzad, R. (2014). Essential oil composition and antioxidant activity of the methanol extracts of three Phlomis species from Iran. J. Biol. Act. Prod. Nat., 4, 343–353.

Li, X., Wang, Z. (2009). Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oil in leaves of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge. J. Essent. Oil Res., 21, 476–488.

Mozaffarian, V. (1996). A dictionary of Iranian plant names. Farhang Moaser Publishers, Tehran, 228–229.

Özgen, U., Mavi, A., Terzi, Z., Coflkun, M. (2004). Antioxidant activities and total phenolic compounds amount of some Asteraceae species. Turkish J. Pharm. Sci., 1, 203–206.

Parejo, I., Bastida, J., Viladomat, F., Codina, C., (2005). Acylated quercetagetin glycosides with antioxidant activity from Tagetes maxima. Phytochemistry, 66, 2356–2362.

Rice-Evans, C. (2001). Flavonoid antioxidants. Curr. Med. Chem., 8, 797–807.

Saeidnia, S., Gohari, A.R., Mokhber-Dezfuli, N., Kiuchi, F. (2011). A review on phytochemistry and medicinal properties of the genus Achillea. Daru, 19, 173–186.‏

Salleh, W.M.N.H.W., Ahmad, F., Yen, K.H., Zulkifli, R.M. (2016). Essential oil compositions of Malaysian Lauraceae: a mini review. Pharm. Sci., 22, 60–67.

Tepe, B., Sokmen, M., Akpulat, H.A., Yumrutas, O., Sokmen, A. (2006). Screening of antioxidative properties of the methanolic extracts of Pelargonium endlicherianum Fenzl., Verbascum wiedemannianum Fisch. & Mey., Sideritis libanotica Labill. subsp. linearis (Bentham) Borm., Centaurea mucronifera DC. and Hieracium cappadocicum Freyn from Turkish flora. Food Chem., 95, 9–13.‏

Tepe, B., Sokmen, M., Akpulat, H.A., Sokmen, A. (2006). Screening of the antioxidant potentials of six Salvia species from Turkey. Food Chem., 97, 200–204.

Ugur, A., Duru, M.E., Ceylan, O., Sarac, N., Varol, O., Kivrak, I. (2009). Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Centaurea ensiformis Hub.-Mor.(Asteraceae), a species endemic to Mugla (Turkey). Nat. Prod. Res., 23, 149−167.‏

Van Den Dool, H., Kratz, P.D. (1963). A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography. J. Chromatol., 11, 463–471.

Yang, D., Michel, L., Chaumont, J.P., Millet-Clerc, J. (2000). Use of caryophyllene oxide as an antifungal agent in an in vitro experimental model of onychomycosis. Mycopathologia, 148, 79–82.‏

Yayli, N., Yaşar, A., Güleç, C., Usta, A., Kolaylı, S., Coşkunçelebi, K., Karaoğlu, Ş. (2005). Composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils from Centaurea sessilis and Centaurea armena. Phytochemistry, 66, 1741–1745.



Parvaneh Hemmati Hassan Gavyar 
Departement of Biology, Factulty of Science, Lorestan University, Khoram-Abad, Iran
Hamzeh Amiri 
Departement of Biology, Factulty of Science, Lorestan University, Khoram-Abad, Iran



Articles are made available under the conditions CC BY 4.0 (until 2020 under the conditions CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
Submission of the paper implies that it has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

The author signs a statement of the originality of the work, the contribution of individuals, and source of funding.