CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF ESSENTIAL OIL AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF Postia puberula, AN ENDEMIC SPECIES FROM IRAN
Parvaneh Hemmati Hassan GavyarDepartement of Biology, Factulty of Science, Lorestan University, Khoram-Abad, Iran
Hamzeh AmiriDepartement of Biology, Factulty of Science, Lorestan University, Khoram-Abad, Iran
Essential oils from the leaves, stems and flowers of Postia puberula at the flowering stage were analyzed using GC and GC/MS. The results showed that leaves are abundant of cis-3-hexenyl benzoate (10.75%), benzyl benzoate (8.16%) and caryophyllene oxide (8.12%). The main compounds of stems were benzyl benzoate (21.92%), E-nuciferol (11.58%) and dibutyl phthalate (7.08%), while major components of flowers were benzyl benzoate (9.99%), caryophyllene oxide (8.14%) and E-nuciferol (8.13%). The antioxidant activities of methanol extract were evaluated by DPPH and β-carotene/linoleic acid assays. The results showed that in both methods, leaves had stronger antioxidant activity than other organs.
Keywords:benzyl benzoate, caryophyllene oxide, DPPH, β-carotene/linoleic acid, essential oil, Postia puberula
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