Prozdrowotne działanie kwasu elagowego i elagotaniny wybranych gatunków z rodzaju Rubus – Przegląd


Abstrakt

Liczne gatunki roślin z rodzaju Rubus zawierają substancje biologicznie czynne stosowane w profilaktyce i leczeniu fitoterapeutycznym różnych schorzeń. Wśród tych związków aktywnych kwas elagowy i elagotaniny wykazują szerokie różnorodne właściwości prozdrowotne, m.in. antyoksydacyjne, zwiększające krzepnięcie krwi, przeciwzapalne, przeciwwirusowe (hamujące aktywność wirusa HIV), antybakteryjne, antykancerogenne, antymutagenne. Kwas elagowy hamuje aktywność czynników rakotwórczych: benzo(a)pyrene, aflatoksyny B1, związków nitrozowych. Może być stosowany w leczeniu choroby Alzheimera. Elagotaniny będące prekursorami kwasu elagowego wpływają na aktywność enzymów zaangażowanych w prawidłowe funkcjonowanie naczyń systemu krwionośnego. Dwie główne elagotaniny, sangwina H-6 i lambertianina C, są najważniejszymi związkami zapewniającymi własności antyoksydacyjne owoców malin. Owoce i liście roślin z rodzaju Rubus, zawierające fitoterapeutyczne związki, m.in. kwas elagowy i elagotaniny, są wykorzystywane do produkcji ciastek, słodyczy, dżemów, syropów, soków, herbatek, napojów alkoholowych i niealkoholowych. Należy propagować uprawę roślin z rodzaju Rubus i spożycie owoców zawierających kwas elagowy i elagotaniny ze względu na ich prozdrowotne działanie, które może być wykorzystane w profilaktyce wielu chorób. Rośliny z rodzaju Rubus mogą być także wykorzystywane jako źródło fitozwiązków w przemyśle farmaceutycznym, kosmetycznym i spożywczym.


Słowa kluczowe

Rosaceae; substancje biologicznie czynne; fitozwiązki; fitoterapia

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Opublikowane : 2018-06-04


KOSTRYCO, M., & CHWIL, M. (2018). Prozdrowotne działanie kwasu elagowego i elagotaniny wybranych gatunków z rodzaju Rubus – Przegląd. Annales Horticulturae, 28(2), 5-14. https://doi.org/10.24326/ah.2018.2.1

MIKOŁAJ KOSTRYCO 
Department of Botany, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 15, 20-950 Lublin, Poland  Polska
MIROSŁAWA CHWIL  miroslawa.chwil@up.lublin.pl
Department of Botany, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 15, 20-950 Lublin, Poland  Polska




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