Agronomy Science, przyrodniczy lublin, czasopisma up, czasopisma uniwersytet przyrodniczy lublin

Impact of cropping and tillage system on take-all disease of winter wheat (Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici)

Andrzej Woźniak

Department of Herbology and Plant Cultivation Techniques, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland

Leszek Rachoń

Department of Plant Production Technology and Commodities Science, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 15, 20-950 Lublin, Poland

Myroslawa Soroka

Department of Botany, Wood Science and Non-timber Forest Resources, Ukrainian National Forestry University, 79057 Lviv, Ukraine


Diseases induced by Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici (G. g. tritici) are the most important wheat root diseases in all cropping areas around the world and significantly reduces yield and quality of wheat grain. A multi-year field experiment was used to evaluate infestation of winter wheat roots by G. g. tritici. The experimental factors included: I. cropping system (CS): 1) crop rotation (CR): pea – winter wheat – spring barley; 2) monoculture of winter wheat (MON); and II. tillage system (TS): 1) CT – conventional tillage, 2) RT – reduced tillage, and 3) NT – no-tillage. The following cultivation treatment were applied: a shallow ploughing after previous harvest and pre-sowing ploughing in the CT system; double cultivation instead of both aforementioned ploughing treatments in the RT system; and glyphosate in NT system. A cultivation set, consisting of a cultivator, a string roller, and a harrow, was used before wheat sowing. The value of the index of winter wheat roots infestation by G. g. tritici was significantly higher in the monoculture than in crop rotation. The value was also higher in NT than in CT system. In wheat monoculture with NT system, the percentage of highly and severely infested plants was higher than in crop rotation with CT system.

Słowa kluczowe:

crop rotation, monoculture, tillage systems, index of root infestation

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Andrzej Woźniak 
Department of Herbology and Plant Cultivation Techniques, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
Leszek Rachoń 
Department of Plant Production Technology and Commodities Science, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 15, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
Myroslawa Soroka 
Department of Botany, Wood Science and Non-timber Forest Resources, Ukrainian National Forestry University, 79057 Lviv, Ukraine


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