RESPONSE OF JAPANESE BUNCHING ONION (Allium fistulosum L.) TO NITROGEN FERTILIZATION

Eugeniusz Kołota

Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences

Katarzyna Adamczewska-Sowińska

Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences

Cecylia Uklańska-Pusz

Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences



Abstract

New pseudostem cultivars of Japanese bunching onion may be a good alternative to common bulb onion grown for bunches in early spring season. There is still limited knowledge upon the requirement of this vegetable species for nitrogen fertilization. In two factorial field experiment, calcium nitrate, ammonium nitrate and Entec 26 – nitrogen mineral fertilizer containing DMPP nitrification inhibitor used as the source of N and applied at the rates of 75, 150 and 225 kg·ha-1 were compared. Seed propagated transplants produced in the greenhouse were planted in early April and harvested after 10 weeks of cultivation in the open field. The yield and nutritional value of edible parts expressed by the content of dry matter , vitamin C, total chlorophyll, carotenoids, volatile oils, total N, NO3 – N, P K Ca and Mg were estimated. Results of the study proved that all tested fertilizers were equally valuable sources of nitrogen for Japanese bunching onion. The use of
Entec 26 was associated with higher amounts of total chlorophyll and carotenoids in edible part of plants if compared to commonly recommended ammonium nitrate and similar to calcium nitrate. The other important advantage of this fertilizer was a substantial decline of nitrates content. The increment of preplant nitrogen rate from 75 to 150 and 225 kg·ha-1 did not affect the crop yield and significantly enhanced the nitrates accumulation in plants at harvest.

Keywords:

nitrogen form, N rate, yield, nutritional crop value

Abbey L., Joyce D.C., Aked J., Smith B., 2002. Genotype, sulphur, nutrition and soil type effects on growth and dry matter production of spring onion. J. Hort. Sci. Biotech. 77, 340–345.
Grevsen K., 1989. Effects of sowing dates on different varieties of Welsh onion (Allium fistulosum L.) under temperate coastal climate. Acta Hort. 242, 319–324.
Griffith G., Trueman L., Crowter T., Thomas B., Smith B., 2002. Onions – a global benefit to health. Phytother. Res. 16, 603–615.
Hawkins H.J., George E., 2001. Reduced N-15-nitrogen transport through arbuscular mycorrhizal hyphae to Triticum aestivum L. supplied with ammonium vs. nitrate nutrition. Ann. Bot. 87, 303–311.
Hähndel R., Strohm M., 2001. Neue stabilisierte N-Dünger: Weitere Erfahrungen. Gemüse 6, 13–16.
Hähndel R., Zerulla W., 2000. Wirkung auf Ertrag und Qualität von Gemüse bei Entec Düngung. Gemüse 3, 14–16.
Hähndel R., Zerulla W., 2001. Effects of ammonium-stabilized N-fertilizer on yield and quality of vegetables. Acta Hort. 563, 81–86.
He Q.W., Su D.S., Zhao D.W., 1989. Shandong famous vegetables. Tsian: Shandong Sci. and Technol. Press, 165–217.
Helm J., 1956. Die zu Würz – und Speisezwecken Kultivirten Arten der Gattung Allium L. Die Kulturpflanze 4, 130–180.
Higashio H., Hirokane H., Sato E., Tokuda S., Uragami A., 2007. Enhancement of functional compounds in Allium vegetables with UV radiation. Acta Hort. 744, 357–361.
Horbowicz M., Kotlińska T., 1998. Zróżnicowanie zawartości flawonoli w niektórych uprawnych i dzikich gatunkach z rodzaju Allium. Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk. Rol. 463, 529–537.
Horbowicz M., Kotlińska T., 2000. Level of flavonols in wild and cultivated Allium species. Acta Hort. 517, 375–380.
Inden H., Asahira T., 1990. Japanese bunching onion (Allium fistulosum L.). In: Onions and allied crops, vol. 3. Biochemistry, food science, and minor crops, Brewster J.L., Rabinowitch, H.D. (red.). CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 159–178.
Jiang L.H., Liu Z.H., Chen Q., Lin H.T., Zhang W.J., 2007. Study of the effect of nitrogen on green Chinese spring onion yield and supplying target value. Plant Nutrit. Fert. Sci. 13, 890–896.
Jones H.A., Mann L.K., 1963. Onions and their Allies. Leonard Hill (books) Limited, London.
Kołota E., Adamczewska-Sowińska K., 2007. Przydatność nawozu Entec 26 w uprawie pora na zbiór wczesny, Rocz. AR w Poznaniu, 383, Ogrodnictwo 41, 529–532.
Kołota E., Adamczewska-Sowińska K., Krężel J., 2007. Suitability of Entec 26 as a source of nitrogen for red beet and celeriac. Veget. Crops Res. Bull. 67, 47–54.
Kołota E., Czerniak K., 2010. The effects of nitrogen fertilization on yield and nutritional value of Swiss chard. Acta Sci. Pol., Hortorum Cultus 9 (2), 31–37.
Kotlińska T., Kaniszewski S., Kwiecień A., 2005. Porównanie metod uprawy siedmiolatki (Allium fistulosum L.). Now. Warzyw. 40, 25–32.
Kotlińska T., Kojima O., 2000. Siedmiolatka (Allium fistulosum L.) jako wartościowa roślina warzywna. Rocz. AR Pozn. 323, Ogrodnictwo 31 (2), 311–311.
Krężel J., Kołota E., 2010. The effect of nitrogen fertilization on yield and biological value of spinach grown for autumn harvest. Acta Sci. Pol. Hortorum Cultus 9 (3), 183–190.
Lazić B., Todorovič V., Dardič M., 2002. Effect of production method on earliness and yield of Allium fistulosum. L. Acta Hort. 579, 359–362.
Leong A.C., 2001. Performance of bunching onion (Allium fistulosum L.) cultivars in the lowlands of tropical Malaysia. Acta Hort. 555, 99–101.
Lichtenthaller H.K., Welburn A., 1983. Determination of total carotenoids and chlorophylls a and b of leaf extract in different solvents. Bioch. Soc. Trans. 603, 591–592.
Liu S., He H., Feng G., 2009. Effects of nitrogen and sulphur interaction on growth and pungency of different pseudostem types of Chinese spring onion (Allium fistulosum L.), Sci. Hort. 121, 12–18.
Lorenz O.A., Maynard D.N., 1988. Knott’s handbook for vegetable growers, third ed. Wiley-Interscience Publication. New York.
Martinez L.E., Galmarini C.R., Masuelli R.W., 2005. Introgression of Allium fistulosum L. into interspecific hybrid backcrosses between A. fistulosum L. and A. cepa L. Acta Hort. 688, 109–115.
Mysiak B., Tendaj M., 2006. Content of flavonoids in some Allium species grown for green bunching. Veg. Crops. Res. Bull. 65, 105–110.
Mysiak B., Tendaj M., 2008. Content of phenolic acids in edible parts of some Alliums species grown for the green bunching. Acta Sci. Pol. Hortorum Cultus 7 (4), 57–62.
Nowosielski O., 1974. Metody oznaczania potrzeb nawożenia. PWRiL, Warszawa.
Ostrowska A., Gawaliński S., Szczubiałkowska Z., 1991. Metody analiz i oceny właściwości gleb i podłoży – katalog. IOŚ, Warszawa.
Pasda G., Hähndel R., Zerulla W., 2001. Effect of fertilizer with the new nitrification inhibitor DMPP (3,4-dimethylopyrazole phosphate) on yield and quality of agricultural and horticultural crops. Biol. Fertil. Soil 34 (2), 85–97.
Perner H., Schwarz D., Krumbein A., Li X., Eckhard G., 2007. Influence of nitrogen forms and mycorrhizal colonization on growth and composition of Chinese bunching onion. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci. 170, 762–768.
Rabinowitch H.D. Currah L., 2002. Allium crop science: recent advances. CAB International. Wallingford UK.
Rubatzky V.E., Yamaguchi M., 1997. World Vegetables. Principles, production and nutritive values. Chapman & Hall. New York.
Skąpski H., Dąbrowska B., 1994. Uprawa warzyw w polu. Wyd. SGGW, Warszawa.
Smoleń S., Sady W., Wierzbińska J., 2012. The influence of nitrogen fertilization with Entec 26 and ammonium nitrate on the concentration of thirty-one elements in carrot (Daucus carota L.) storage roots. J. Elementol. 7 (1), 115–137.
Steiner D., Milić N., Čanadonović-Brunet J., Kapor A., Štajner M., Poprović B.M., 2006. Exploring Allium species as a source of potential medicinal agents. Phytother. Res. 20, 58584.
Tendaj M., Mysiak B., 2007a, Plonowanie cebuli siedmiolatki (Allium fistulosum L.) w zależności od terminu sadzenia rozsady i stosowania płaskich okryć. Annales UMCS Sec. Horticultura 17 (2), 5–10.
Tendaj M., Mysiak B., 2007b, Usefulness of Japanese bunching onion (Allium fistulosum L.) for forcing in greenhouse. Acta Agrobot. 60 (1), 143–146.
Tendaj M., Mysiak B., 2010.Charakterystyka wzrostu cebuli siedmiolatki (Allium fistulosum L.) uprawianej z siewu i rozsady. Konf. Nauk. pt. „Proekologiczna uprawa warzyw – problemy i perspektywy”. Siedlce 24–25 czerwca, 163–165.
Tendaj M., Mysiak B., 2011. Growth characteristc of Welsh onion (Allium fistulosum L.) grown from seeds and transplants. Folia Hort. 23, 1, 3–8.
Wang D., Gao J., Liu G., 2005. General situation of Allium crops in China. Acta Hort. 688, 327–332.
Warade S.D., Shinde K.G., 1998. Handbook of vegetable science and technology: production, composition storage and processing. Ed. by Salunkhe D.K. and Kadam S.S., Marcel Dekker. Inc. New York.
Download

Published
2013-04-30



Eugeniusz Kołota 
Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences
Katarzyna Adamczewska-Sowińska 
Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences
Cecylia Uklańska-Pusz 
Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences



License

 

Articles are made available under the conditions CC BY 4.0 (until 2020 under the conditions CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
Submission of the paper implies that it has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

The author signs a statement of the originality of the work, the contribution of individuals, and source of funding.

 


Most read articles by the same author(s)

<< < 1 2