Agronomy Science, przyrodniczy lublin, czasopisma up, czasopisma uniwersytet przyrodniczy lublin

Zróżnicowanie genetyczne i zmienność zawartości białka surowego obiecujących genotypów pszenicy (Triticum aestivum L.) do hodowli w Albanii

Aida Dervishi

Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Tirana, Albania

Merita Rumano

Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Tirana, Albania

Panajota Ruzi

Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Tirana, Albania

Adriatik Çakalli

Institute of Plant Genetic Resources, Agricultural University, Tirana, Albania


The genetic diversity and variation in crude protein content among eleven wheat genotypes, comprising three elite local genotypes and eight wheat genotypes of foreign origin were investigated in the present study. Variability was evidenced in grain protein content estimated by biuret test, it ranged from 9.5 to 13.9% with mean of 11.58%. Comparative analysis between local and introduced wheat genotypes revealed that the local genotypes had lower protein content than those of foreign origin. Fourteen polymorphic RAPD markers were used to assess genetic diversity among selected wheat varieties. The mean similarity among wheat genotypes was 67%. Genetic similarity among local wheat varieties was higher (83%) than among those of foreign origin (66%). The wheat genotypes were grouped into two main clusters on UPGMA dendrogram constructed based on Dice similarity coefficients. A clear clustering of genotypes according to the origin was
observed. This clustering was also supported by principal coordinate analysis (PCoA) results. There was no observed clustering based on the protein content. The data revealed that local wheat genetic had narrow genetic diversity, however the wheat genotypes of foreign origin constitute a promising material to be employed in breeding programs aiming the increase of wheat protein content and genetic diversity.

Słowa kluczowe:

Triticum aestivum, RAPD, genetic diversity, total protein content

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Aida Dervishi 
Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Tirana, Albania
Merita Rumano 
Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Tirana, Albania
Panajota Ruzi 
Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Tirana, Albania
Adriatik Çakalli 
Institute of Plant Genetic Resources, Agricultural University, Tirana, Albania


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Autor podpisuje oświadczenie o oryginalności dzieła, wkładzie poszczególnych osób i źródle finansowania.


Czasopismo Agronomy Science przyjęło politykę samoarchiwizacji nazwaną przez bazę Sherpa Romeo drogą niebieską. Od 2021 r. autorzy mogą samoarchiwizować postprinty artykułów oraz wersje wydawnicze (zgodnie z licencją CC BY). Artykuły z lat wcześniejszych (udostępniane na licencji CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) mogą być samoarchiwizowane tylko w wersji wydawniczej.