Effects of pre-sowing seed treatments for improving germination and the growth of pepper and tomato seedlings


Abstract

The aim of this study was to establish the effect of different seed treatments on germination, and the growth of the embryonic stem and the radicle of tomato and pepper varieties. Four treatments were used in the study: MIX (Coveron + zinc (Zn 0.5%) + boron (B 0.025%)); Coveron; zinc (ZnSO4, Zn 0.5%) and boron (B 0.025%). The treatments were applied on seeds of following four pepper varieties: Šorokšari, Somborka, Kraljica, and Mirtima and three tomato varieties: Rio Grande, Saint Pierre, and Tomato apple of Novi Sad (Novosadski jabučar). Germination and the growth increase of both the embryonic stem (cm) and the radicle (cm) were observed in the germination cabinets and pots containing soil in two laboratories – locations. After the treatment applied to the pepper seeds and testing in the laboratory germination cabinet the following was established: i) the maximum increase in germination of 90% was when the MIX and Zn treatment was applied to seeds, ii) the growth increase of embryonic stems of 2.7cm was recorded when the MIX treatment was applied, iii) the growth increase of radicles of 1.7cm was gained when the Coveron and MIX treatment was applied. Tests performed in pots showed that Coveron was the most efficient treatment. Treatments on tomato seeds during the seed testing in the germination cabinet provided: vi) the germination increase of 13% with the MIX treatment, vii) the growth increase of the embryonic stem of 2.6 cm with the same treatment, vii) the growth increase of 1.7 cm of radicles. Coveron was the most efficient treatment in tests in pots.


Keywords

coveron; seed quality; micronutrients; growth of embryonic stem and radicle

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Published : 2021-02-26


Štrbanović, R., Poštić, D., Tabaković, M., Knežević, J., Živanović, L., & Stanisavljević, R. (2021). Effects of pre-sowing seed treatments for improving germination and the growth of pepper and tomato seedlings. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus, 20(1), 101-109. https://doi.org/10.24326/asphc.2021.1.9

Ratibor Štrbanović 
Seed and Planting Material Quality Testing Laboratory, Institute for Plant Protection and Environment, Teodora Drajzera 9, 11040 Belgrade, Serbia  Serbia
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6803-7035

Laboratory testing of seed and plant material

TeodoraDrajzera 9, 11040 Belgrade, Serbia, Phone/fax +381 266 98 60,


Dobrivoj Poštić 
Seed and Planting Material Quality Testing Laboratory, Institute for Plant Protection and Environment, Teodora Drajzera 9, 11040 Belgrade, Serbia  Serbia
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4704-8613

Laboratory testing of seed and plant material

TeodoraDrajzera 9, 11040 Belgrade, Serbia, Phone/fax +381 266 98 60


Marijenka Tabaković 
Agroecology and Cropping Practice Group, Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje, Slobodana Bajića 1, 11185 Belgrade, Serbia  Serbia
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4478-9088

Agroecology and Cropping Practice Group, Slobodana Bajića 1, 11185 Belgrade, Serbia

Phone +381 37 56 704


Jasmina Knežević 
Departmant of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kopaonička b.b. 38228, Lešak, University of Pristina, Serbia  Serbia
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3219-1174

Department of Crop Science,  Kopaonička b.b., 38228, Lesak, University of Pristina. Serbia,

Phone/fax: +38128-88-261 


Ljubiša Živanović 
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture, Department for Crop Science, Nemanjina 6, 11080 Belgrade, Serbia  Serbia

Department of Crop Science

Nemanjina 6, 11080, Beograd, Serbia, Phone/fax +381 4413126


Rade Stanisavljević  stanisavljevicrade@gmail.com
Seed and Planting Material Quality Testing Laboratory, Institute for Plant Protection and Environment, Teodora Drajzera 9, 11040 Belgrade, Serbia  Serbia
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2210-193X

Laboratory testing of seed and plant material

TeodoraDrajzera 9, 11040 Belgrade, Serbia, Phone/fax +381 266 98 60,






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