AGRO-MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF Brassica rapa L. GERMPLASM FROM AZAD JAMMU AND KASHMIR


Abstract

Brassica rapa is an important crop of Azad Jammu and Kashmir which is a major source of vegetable and oil. The study was carried out to evaluate the genetic diversity among Brassica rapa germplasm grown in Azad Jammu and Kashmir based on their morphological characters and yield. The present study was carried out in the field of National Institute of Genomics and Advanced Biotechnology (NIGAB), NARC Islamabad from October 2017 to March 2018. The study showed great diversity among the germplasm for days to germination, primary branches, secondary branches, maturity, plant height, number of silique, seeds per silique, yield per plant and 1000 seed weight. The genotypes 026509, 026514 and 026548 showed maximum yield and other better morphological responses, so these genotypes should be used in future to enhance the production of this crop.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brassica rapa is an important crop of Azad Jammu and Kashmir which is a major source of vegetable and oil. The study was carried out to evaluate the genetic diversity among Brassica rapa germplasm grown in Azad Jammu and Kashmir based on their morphological characters and yield. The present study was carried out in the field of National Institute of Genomics and Advanced Biotechnology (NIGAB), NARC Islamabad from October 2017 to March 2018. The study showed great diversity among the germplasm for days to germination, primary branches, secondary branches, maturity, plant height, number of silique, seeds per silique, yield per plant and 1000 seed weight. The genotypes 026509, 026514 and 026548 showed maximum yield and other better morphological responses, so these genotypes should be used in future to enhance the production of this crop.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Ali, N., Bakht, J., Rabbani, M. A., Khan, A. (2015). Estimation of variability among indigenous Brassica juncea L. accessions based on morphological and biochemical characteristics. Pak. J. Agric. Sci., 52(1), 63–71.
Iqbal, S., Hamim, I., Haque, S., Nath., U.K. (2015). Genetic diversity analysis of mustard (Brassica spp.) germplasm using molecular marker for selection of short duration genotypes. Afr. J. Biotech., 14(17), 1439–1448. DOI: 10.5897/AJB2015.14445
Islam, S., Haque, M.M., Bhuiyan, S.R., Hossain, S. (2016). Path coefficient analysis and correlation coefficients effects of different characters on yield of Brassica rapa L. Plant, 4(6), 51–55. DOI: 10.11648/j.plant.20160406.12
Jan, S.A., Shinwari, Z.K., Rabbani, M.A. (2016). Agro-morphological and physiological responses of Brassica rapa ecotypes to salt stress. Pak. J. Bot., 48(4), 1379–1384.
Jan, S.A., Shinwari, Z.K., Rabbani., M.A., Khurshid, H., Ahmadm, N. (2017a). Agro-morphological studies revealed broad genetic structure of spatially distributed Brassica rapa populations. Pak. J. Bot., 49(6), 2309–2312.
Jan, S.A., Shinwari, Z.K., Rabbani, M.A., Niaz I.A., Shah, S.H. (2017b). Assessment of quantitative agro-morphological variations among Brassica rapa diverse populations. Pak. J. Bot., 49(2), 561–567.
Khatun, H.M., Rasul, G., Saikat, M.H., Haque, M.M. (2010). Genetic diversity in Brassica rapa L. Bangl. J. Plant Breed. Genet., 23(1), 31–38. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjpbg.v23i1.9315
PARC, 2006. Rapeseed mustard production in Pakistan. Avaliable: www.pakistan.com.
Pervaiz, Z.H., Rabbani, M.A., Shinwari,. Z.K., Malik, S.A. (2010). Assessment of genetic variability in rice (Oryza sativa L.) germplasm from Pakistan using RAPD markers. Pak. J. Bot., 42(5), 3369–3376.
Prakash, S., Hinata, K. (1980). Taxonomy, cytogenetics and origin of crop Brassicas, a review. Opera Botan., 55, 57.
Sarwar, G., Ahmed, H.M., Hussain, J. (2010). Evaluation of castorbean (Ricinus communis L.) mutants for genetic parameters and cluster analysis. J. Agric. Res., 48(3), 289–302.
Shinwari, S., Akbar, F., Rabbani, M. A., Mumtaz, A. S., Shinwari, Z.K. (2013). Valuation of genetic diversity in different genotypes of Eruca sativa from Pakistan by SDS-PAGE analysis. Pak. J. Bot, 45(4), 1235–1240.
Singh, B.B., Sharma, B. (1996). Restructuring cowpea for higher yield. Indian J. Genet. Plant Breed., 56(4), 389–405.
Sinhamahapatra, S.P.,. Raman, R. B., Roy, S., Roy, Raut, U.S. N.M., Ashok. K.V. (2010). Breeding for an ideal plant type in yellow sarson (Brassica rapa L. yellow sarson). Elect. J. Plant Breed., 1(4), 689–694.
Smýkal, P., Horáček, J., Dostálová, R., Hýbl, M. (2008). Variety discrimination in pea (Pisum sativum L.) by molecular, biochemical and morphological markers. J. Appl. Genet., 49(2), 155–166.
Steel, R.G.D., Torrie, J.H., Dicky, D.A. (1997). Principles and procedures of statistics, a biometrical approach. 3rd Edition, McGraw Hill, Inc. Book Co., New York, 352–358.
Thakur, A.K., Singh, K.H., Singh, L., Nanjundan, J., Khan, Y.J. Singh, D. (2017). Patterns of subspecies genetic diversity among oilseed Brassica rapa as revealed by agro-morphological traits and SSR markers. J. Plant Biochem. Biotech., 26(3), 282–292. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13562-016-0390-6
Zada, M., Zakir, N., Rabbani, M.A., Shinwari. Z.K. ( 2013). Assessment of genetic variation in Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata A. Braun) germplasm using multivariate techniques. Pak. J. Bot., 45(51), 583–593.
Zhang, X., Blair M.W., Wang, S. (2008). Genetic diversity of Chinese common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) landraces assessed with simple sequence repeat markers. Theor. Appl. Genet., 117(4), 629–640. DOI: 10.1007/s00122-008-0807-2.
Zhao, J., Wang, X., Deng, B., Lou, P., Sun, R., Bonnema, G. (2005). Genetic relationships within Brassica rapa as inferred from AFLP fingerprints. Theor. Appl. Genet., 110(7), 1301–1314. DOI: 10.1007/s00122-005-1967-y.
Download

Published : 2020-08-28


Ashraf, M., Abbas, S., Begum, S., Gerdezi, S., & Khan, R. (2020). AGRO-MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF Brassica rapa L. GERMPLASM FROM AZAD JAMMU AND KASHMIR. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus, 19(4), 31-39. https://doi.org/10.24326/asphc.2020.4.3

Madiha Ashraf 
Department of Botany, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan  Pakistan
Syed R. Abbas 
Department of Biological Sciences, Hunza Campus, Karakorum International University, Gilgit, Pakistan  Pakistan
Sania Begum 
Scientic Officer NIGAB, NARC Islamabad, Pakistan  Pakistan
Syed D.A. Gerdezi 
Vice Chancellor University of Kotli Azad Kashmir, Pakistan  Pakistan
Rizwan T. Khan  drrizwantajkhan@gmail.com
Department of Botany, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan  Pakistan




Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 

Articles are made available under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (recognition by authorship, non-commercial use, no dependent works).
The author signs a statement on the originality of the work and the contribution of individuals.

Submission of the paper implies that it has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.