Anita Biesiada

Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences

Anna Kuś

Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences


Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) is an annual plant belonging to the plant family Lamiaceae. There are many varieties of basil, with leaves of colour from green to
purple and with small white or pink flower. In field experiment conducted in the years 2007–2008 there was investigated the effect of nitrogen fertilization in the doses of 50, 150 and 250 kg N·ha-1and irrigation on yielding and nutritional status of basil of ‘Red Rubin’ cultivar grown from transplants. Basil positively responded to irrigation and the increase in its yield under the influence of irrigation amounted from 97.37% to 25.36% in subsequent years of cultivation. Also the dose of nitrogen did advantageously affect basil herb yield. The highest yields were recorded at the dose of 150–250 kg N·ha-1. The highest amount of nitrates ranged from 697.00 to 938.00 mg·kg-1 f.m. was determined in plants fertilized with nitrogen dose of 250 kg N·ha-1. The level of macroelements depended both on irrigation and on nitrogen doses. Irrigation caused decreased amounts of phosphorus, potassium and calcium, while content of magnesium increased. The highest quantities of phosphorus and magnesium were obtained at nitrogen dose of 150 kg N·ha-1, while for the highest values of potassium and calcium nitrogen dose was 250 kg N·ha-1.


sweet basil, nitrogen dose, yield, nitrates, macronutrients

Daneshian A., Gurbuz B., Cosge B., Ipek A., 2009. Chemical components of essential oils from basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) grown at different nitrogen levels. IJNES. 3 (3), 8–12.
Dziennik Ustaw nr 37 poz. 326 z 4 lipca 2003 roku w sprawie maksymalnych poziomów zanieczyszczeń w żywności.
Echeverry O., 1990. Studies on the growth and fenology of Ocimum basilicum, Ocimum minimum, Ocimum gratissimum. Universidad Nacional de Colombia.
Golcz A., Politycka B., Seidler-Łożykowska K., 2006. The effect of nitrogen fertilization and stage of plant development on the mass and quality of sweet basil leaves (Ocimum basilicum L.). Herba Pol. 52, 1/2, 22–30.
Hochmuth R., Davis L.L., Laughlin W.L., Simonne G.H., 2003. Evaluation of Organic Nutrient Sources in the Production of Greenhouse Hydroponic Basil. North Florida Research and Education Center Research Report 2003-08: 7pp.
Jadczak D., Błaszczuk A., Rekowska E., 2006. Effect of covering on the content of macroelements in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) cultivates for a bunch harvest. J. Elementol. 11 (2), 135–141.
Kohlmünzer S., 2003. Farmakognozja. Wyd. Lekarskie PZWL. Warszawa, wyd. 5.
Majkowska-Gadomska J., Arcichowska K., Wierzbicka B., 2009. Nitrate content of the edible parts of vegetables and spice plants. Acta Sci. Pol., Hortorum Cultus 8(3), 25–35.
Omer E. A., Elsayed Abdel-Ghafor A., El-Lathy A., Khattab M.E., Sabra A.S., 2008. Effect of the nitrogen fertilizer forms and time of their application on the yield of herb and essential oil of Ocimum americanum L. Herba Pol. 54, 1, 34–46.
Politycka B., Golcz A., 2004. Content of chloroplast pigments and anthocyanins in the leaves of Ocimum basilicum L. depending on nitrogen doses. Folia Hortic. Ann. 16/1, 23–29.
Rumińska A., 1983. Rośliny lecznicze. PWN. Warszawa.
Sanda K., Koba K., Akpagana K., Tchepan T., 2001. Content and chemical composition of the essential oil of Ocimum basilicum L. and Ocimum gratissimum L. at different harvesting dates after planting. Rivista Ital EPPOS (31), 3–7.
Santos B., Morales-Payan J., Stall W.M., Dusky J., 1998. Effects of nitrogen and gibberelic acid combinations on basil growth. Soil. Crop Sci. Soc. Florida Proc. 57, 99–101.
Seidler-Łożykowska K., Golcz A., Wójcik J., 2008. Yield and quality of sweet basil, savory, marjoram and thyme raw materials from organic cultivation on the composted manure. J. Res. Applic. Agric. Eng. 53, (4), 63–66.
Seidler-Łożykowska K., Mordalski R., Kucharski W., Golcz A, Kozik E., Wójcik J., 2009. Economic and qualitative value of the raw material of chosen species of medicinal plants from organic farming part II. Yield and quality of sweet basil herb (Ocimum basilicum L.). Acta Sci. Pol., Agricultura 8(3) 2009, 29–35.
Sifola M.I., Barbieri G., 2006. Growth, yield and essential oil content of three cultivars of basil grown under different levels of nitrogen in the field. Sci. Hort. 108, 408–413.
Szewczuk Cz., Mazur M., 2004. Wpływ zróżnicowania dawek nawozów azotowych na skład chemiczny pokrzywy zwyczajnej (Urtica dioica L.) zbieranej w trzech fazach rozwojowych. Cz. I. Zawartość składników mineralnych. Acta Sci. Pol. Agricultura 3, (1), 239–248.
Taiz L., Zeiger E., 1998. Mineral nutrition. Plant Physiology. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, 103–124.
USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 19. 2006.
Yassen M., Ram P., Anju Yadav, Singh K., 2003. Response of Indian basil (Ocimum basilicum) to irrigation and nitrogen schedule in Central Uttar Pradesh. Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. Annals of Plant Physiology. CAB abstracts.
Zengin M., Özcan M. M., Cetin Ü., Gezgin S., 2007. Mineral contents of some aromatic plants, their growth soils and infusions. J. Sci. Food Agric. 88 (4), 581–589.


Anita Biesiada 
Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences
Anna Kuś 
Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences



Articles are made available under the conditions CC BY 4.0 (until 2020 under the conditions CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
Submission of the paper implies that it has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

The author signs a statement of the originality of the work, the contribution of individuals, and source of funding.


Most read articles by the same author(s)