POSTHARVEST QUALITY OF SWEET CHERRY FRUITS AS AFFECTED BY BIOREGULATORS
During the cold storage of sweet cherry, severe losses can occur due to the water loss, phytopathogenic fungi and physiological disorders. The aim of this research was to assess the effects of treatments with NAA (α-naphthaleneacetic acid), BA (6-benzyladenine), and GA3 (gibberellic acid) on fruit quality at harvest and after
21 days of storage under two regimes, including 0°C, RH (relative humidity) 90% and 3°C, RH 70%, and after additional shelf life exposure. Sweet cherry cultivars – ‘Summit’, ‘Kordia’ and ‘Regina’ – were treated with bioregulators at the end of flowering. NAA significantly increased the fruit weight at harvest compared to the control in all cultivars assessed. BA stimulated the fruit growth in ‘Kordia’ and ‘Regina’, while it was ineffective in ‘Summit’. GA3 caused significant increase in fruit weight by 8.3% in ‘Kordia’ only. Moreover, BA and GA3 induced a higher firmness of fruits at harvest. Weight loss of fruits during storage at 0°C, RH 90%, was increased with NAA and reduced with GA3 in ‘Regina’ only. BA and GA3 reduced the weight loss of sweet cherry fruits stored at 3°C, RH 70%. Bioregulator treatments increased TA (titratable acidity) in fruits at harvest, while the effects on TA during storage were variable depending on the cultivar. ‘Summit’ had the highest sensitivity to storage fruit rot. BA and GA3 decreased the disease occurrence on fruits stored at 0°C in ‘Summit’ and ‘Kordia’.
Prunus avium L.; gibberellic acid; storage; shelf life; weight loss; fruit rot
Bal, E. (2012). Effect of essential oil treatments combined with hot water treatment on improving postharvest life of sweet cherry. Fruits, 67(4), 285–291.
Bernalte, M.J., Hernandez, M.T., Vidal-Aragon, M.C., Sabio, E. (1999). Physical, chemical, flavor and sensory characteristics of two sweet cherry varieties grown in ‘Valle del Jerte’ (Spain). J. Food Qual., 22(4), 403–416.
Canli, F.A., Sahin, M., Ercisli, S., Yilmaz, O., Temurtas, N., Pektas, M. (2015). Harvest and postharvest quality of sweet cherry are improved by pre-harvest benzyladenine and benzyladenine plus gibberellins applications.
J. Appl. Bot. Food Qual., 88, 255–258.
Cline, J.A, Trought, M. (2007). Effect of gibberellic acid on fruit cracking and quality of Bing and Sam sweet cherries. Can. J. Plant Sci., 87(3), 545–550.
Conte, A., Scrocco, C., Lecce, L., Mastromatteo, M., Del Nobile, M.A. (2009). Ready-to-eat cherries: Study on different packaging systems. Innov. Food Sci. Emerg., 10, 564–571.
Demirsoy, L., Bilgener, S. (2000). The effect of chemical applications on cuticular and epidermal properties of some sweet cherry cultivars with respect to fruit cracking susceptibility. Turk. J. Agric. For., 24, 541–550.
Dziedzic, E., Blaszczyk, J., Kaczmarczyk, E. (2016). Influence of rootstocks and storage conditions on the quality of sweet cherry fruits ‘‘Regina’’. Acta Sci. Pol. Hortorum, 15(5), 119–131.
Dziedzic, E., Blaszczyk, J., Kaczmarczyk, E. (2017). Postharvest properties of sweet cherry fruit depending on rootstock and storage conditions. Folia Hortic., 29(2), 113–121.
Einhorn, T.C., Wang, Y., Turner, J. (2013). Sweet cherry fruit firmness and postharvest quality of late-maturing cultivars are improved with low-rate, single applications of gibberellic acid. Hortscience, 48(8), 1010–1017.
Esti, M., Cinquanta, L., Sinesio, F., Moneta, E., Mateo, M.D. (2002). Physicochemical and sensory fruit characteristics of two sweet cherry cultivars after cool storage. Food Chem., 76(4), 399–405.
Feliziani, E., Santini, M., Landi, L., Romanazzi, G. (2013). Pre- and postharvest treatment with alternatives to synthetic fungicides to control postharvest decay of sweet cherry. Postharvest Biol Tech., 78, 133–138.
Ghanni, M.A.A, Awang, Y., Sijam, K. (2011). Disease occurrence and fruit quality of pre-harvest calcium treated red fleshdragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus). Afr. J. Biotechnol., 10(9), 1550–1558.
Holb, I.J. (2004). The brown rot fungi of fruit crops (Monilinia spp.). Important features of their epidemiology (Review). Int. J. Health Sci., 10, 17–35.
Hrustić, J. (2013). Characterization of Monilinia species pathogens of stone fruit in Serbia and sensitivity to fungicides. PhD, University of Belgrade, Serbia.
Latorre, B., Elfar, K., Ferrada, E. (2015). Gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea limits grape production in Chile. Cien. Inv. Agr. 42(3), 305–330.
Maguire, K.M., Lang, A., Banks, N.H., Hall, A., Hopcroft, D., Bennett, R. (1999). Relationship between water vapour permeance of apples and micro-cracking of the cuticle. Postharvest Biol. Technol., 17, 89–96.
Manganaris, G.A., Ilias, I.F., Vasilakasis, M., Mignani, I. (2007). The effect of hydrocooling on ripening related quality attributes and cell wall physicochemical properties of sweet cherry fruit (Prunus avium L.). Int. J. Refrig., 30, 1386–1392.
Meier, U. (2001). Growth stages of Mono and Dicotyledonus Plants: BBCH Monograph. Federal Biological Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Germany.
Milić, B., Tarlanović, J., Keserović, Z., Zorić, L., Blagojević, B., Magazin, N. (2017b). The growth of apple central fruits as affected by thinning with NAA, BA and naphthenic acids. Erwerbs-Obstbau, 59(3), 185–193.
Milić, B., Čabilovski, R., Keserović, Z., Magazin, N., Tarlanović, J. (2017a). Interactions between nitrogen fertilization and apple fruit thinning with NAA. Acta Sci. Pol. Hortorum Cultus, 16(3), 55–65.
Nagrale, D., Gaikwad, A. Sharma, L. (2013). Morphological and cultural characterization of Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissler blight of gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii H. Bolus ex J.D. Hook). J. Appl. Nat. Sci., 5 (1), 171–178.
Ozkan, Y., Ucar, M., Yildiz, K., Ozturk, B. (2016). Pre-harvest gibberellic acid (GA3) treatments play an important role on bioactive compounds and fruit quality of sweet cherry cultivars. Sci. Hortic., 211, 358–362.
Quero-García, J., Lezzoni, A., Pulawska, J., Lang, G. (2017). Cherries: botany, production and uses. CABI, Boston.
Romanazzi, G., Nigro, F., Ippolito, A. (2009). Effectiveness of a short hyperbaric treatment to control postharvest decay of sweet cherries and table grapes. Postharvest Biol. Tech., 49(3), 440–442.
Salato, G., Ponce, N., Raffo, D., Vicente, A., Stortz, C. (2013). Developmental changes in cell wall polysaccharides from sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) cultivars with contrasting firmness. Postharvest Biol. Tech., 84, 66–73.
Saltveit, M.E. (2004). Respiratory metabolism. In: The commercial storage of fruits, vegetables, and florist and nursery stocks, USDA Agricultural Handbook nr 66, Gross, K.C., Wang, C.Y., Saltveit, M. (eds.). United States Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, 68–75.
Sen, F., Oksar, R.F., Golkarian, M., Yaldiz, S. (2014). Quality changes of different sweet cherry cultivars at various stages of the supply chain. Not. Bot. Horti Agrobot., 42(2), 501–506.
Simon, G. (2006). Review on rain induced fruit cracking of sweet cherries (Prunus avium L.), its causes and the possibilities of prevention. Int. J. Hortic. Sci., 12, 27–35.
Stern, A.R., Flaishman, M., Applebaum, S., Ben-Arie, R. (2007). Effect of synthetic auxins on fruit development of ‘Bing’ cherry (Prunus avium L.). Sci. Hortic., 114(4), 275–280.
Wani, A.A., Singh, P., Gul, K., Wani, M.H., Langowski, H.C. (2014). Sweet cherry (Prunus avium): critical factors affecting the composition and shelf life. Food Package. Shelf Life, 1, 86–99.
Whitelock, D.P., Brusewitz, G.H., Smith, M.W., Zhang, X.H. (1994). Humidity and air flow during storage affect peach quality. HortScience, 29, 798–801.
Whiting, D.M., Lang, G., Ophardt, D. (2005): Rootstock and training system affect sweet cherry growth, yield and fruit quality. HortScience, 40(3), 582–586.
Zeman, S., Jemrić, T., Čmelik, Z., Fruk, G., Bujan, M., Tompić, T. (2013). The effect of climatic conditions on sweet cherry fruit treated with plant growth regulators. J. Food Agric. Environ., 11(2), 524–528.
Zhang, C., Whiting, M.D. (2011). Improving ‘Bing’ sweet cherry fruit quality with plant growth regulators. Sci. Hortic., 127(3), 341–346.
Articles are made available under the CC BY-NC-ND (recognition by authorship, non-commercial use, no dependent works).
The author signs a statement on the originality of the work, the contribution of individuals and the transfer of copyright to the publisher.
Submission of the paper implies that it has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that if accepted it will not be published elsewhere in the same form without the written permission of the editor.