FOLIAGE APPLIED SILICON AMELIORATES DROUGHT STRESS THROUGH PHYSIO-MORPHOLOGICAL TRAITS, OSMOPROTECTANTS AND ANTIOXIDANT METABOLISM OF CAMELINA (Camelina sativa L.) GENOTYPES
Zahoor AhmadDepartment of Botany, University of Central Punjab, Punjab Group of Colleges, Bahawalpur, Pakistan; Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University, Turkey
Ejaz Ahmad WarraichDepartment of Agronomy, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
Muhammad Aamir IqbalDepartment of Agronomy, The University of Poonch Rawalakot (AJK), Pakistan
Celaleddin BarutçularDepartment of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University, Turkey;
Hesham AlharbyDepartment of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
Atif BamagoosDepartment of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
Fatih CigDepartment of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Siirt University, Turkey
Ayman El SabaghDepartment of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Siirt University, Turkey; Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrel-sheikh University, Egypt
Silicon (Si) is one of the best plant defense elements against the biotic and abiotic stresses. Camelina plants accumulate Si which serves in protection against drought stress. The present study was conducted to investigate the impact of different doses of foliage applied Si (0, 3, 6 and 9 mM) under water stress (40% field capacity, FC) and non-stress conditions (100% FC) on camelina genotypes (Canadian and Australian). The imposed drought drastically decreased the growth parameters like root-shoot length and plant fresh and dry weight and also had negative impact on the chlorophyll content along with water relation attributes (water potential, osmotic potential and turgor pressure). In contrast, total free amino acids, total soluble proteins, proline and antioxidants such as ascorbic peroxidase (APX), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and peroxidase (POD) were enhanced especially in water stressed Canadian genotype, while osmoprotectants (flavonoids, anthocyanins and glycinebetaine) and phenolics contents were decreased. On the other hand, the foliar application of Si was instrumental in enhancing the growth of camelina by increasing the chlorophyll contents and water relation of stressed and non-stressed plants. Similarly, the biochemical, osmoprotectants and antioxidant metabolism was also improved in camelina stressed plants through the application of foliar Si. In conclusion, foliar application of 6 mM Si at vegetative growth stage played a vital role in alleviating the drastic impact of water stress on camelina growth by improving the water status, chlorophyll content, accumulation of phenolics and osmoprotectants and activating antioxidants. Therefore, the foliar application of Si could be developed as an important biologically viable strategy for boosting the tolerance in camelina plants to water stress conditions.
Keywords:antioxidants, biochemistry, camelina, drought stress, physiology and silicon
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