Tonu Tonutare

Estonian University of Life Sciences

Ulvi Moor

Estonian University of Life Sciences

Lech Szajdak

Polish Academy of Sciences


The aim of the research was to analyse the weaknesses of the pH differential method for strawberry anthocyanin determination. The work is based on practical experiments with 12 strawberry cultivars and on analysis of published papers. We used following molar absorption coefficients (ε values): 26900 and 29600 M-1 cm-1 for cyanidin 3 glycoside (C3g) and 15600, 22400, 27300 and 36000 M-1 cm-1 for pelargonidin 3 glycoside (P3g). In order to show how the calculated value of total anthocyanins depends on the predominant anthocyanin used for the calculations, we compared the results of spectroscopic and chromatographic analysis. Present research demonstrated that different ε values may influence the results of total anthocyanins even more than cultivar properties. The most frequently used ε values 26900 M-1 cm-1 and 29600 M-1 cm-1 gave underestimated values. C3g was present in minor amounts in all cultivars. Conclusively, P3g with
the ε = 15600 M-1 cm-1 should be used for ensuring most precise estimation of total anthocyanin content in strawberries.


Fragaria × ananassa, pelargonidin, molar absorbtion coefficient

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Tonu Tonutare 
Estonian University of Life Sciences
Ulvi Moor 
Estonian University of Life Sciences
Lech Szajdak 
Polish Academy of Sciences



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