Ewa Rożek

University of Life Sciences in Lublin

Renata Nurzyńska-Wierdak

University of Life Sciences in Lublin

Maria Kosior

University of Life Sciences in Lublin


Sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. macrocarpum) is a valuable vegetable from the Solanaceae family. The increased interest in open field pepper cultivation results from higher demand for this vegetable of the processing industry. Preservation and freezing are the main directions of pepper processing. Due to a long growing period and high thermal requirements of this species, a based problem in open field pepper cultivation in Poland is to obtain the largest possible amount of fully red fruits. The present study, conducted during the period 2009–2010, evaluated quantity and quality yield of several sweet pepper cultivars that are currently most frequently grown in the Lublin region for the processing industry. Fruits were picked in a single harvest. The present study determined
marketable yield and its structure, depending on the fruit colour stages, as well as basic technological traits of fruits such as fruit weight, pericarp thickness, share of placenta in fruit weight, and technological yield. ‘Socrates F1’, ‘King Arthur F1’, and ‘Red Knight F1’ were the most productive cultivars. The highest red fruit yield was obtained in the cultivars ‘King Arthur F1’ and ‘Red Knight F1’, and they also produced the largest fruits. Red fruits accounted for 50.8% of marketable yield, on average, for the cultivars compared. Among the domestic cultivars, ‘Caryca F1’ was distinguished by a thick pericarp and a high share of placenta in fruit weight. Technological yield of fruits of the evaluated cultivars was in the range of 83.5–91.7%.


Capsicum annuum L. var. macrocarpum, cultivar, marketable yield

Buczkowska H., 2001. Ocena wpływu wielokrotności zbioru na plon handlowy owoców kilku odmian papryki ostrej. Zesz. Nauk. AT-R Bydgoszcz. Rolnictwo 43, 21–26.
Buczkowska H., Bednarek H., 2005. Ocena plonowania dwóch odmian papryki słodkiej w polu w odniesieniu do warunków termicznych. Acta Agrophysica 5(3), 567–575.
Deepa N., Charanjit K., Balraj S., Kapoor H. C., 2006. Antioxidant activity in some red sweet pepper cultivars. J. Food Comp. Analysis 19, 572–578.
Deli J., Matus Z., Tóth G., 1996. Carotenoid composition in the fruits of Capsicum annuum cv. Szentesi Kosszarvu during ripening. J. Agric. Food Chem. 44 (3), 711–716.
Dorji K., Behboudian M.H., Zegbe-Dominguez J.A., 2005. Water relations, growth, yield and fruit quality of hot pepper under deficit irrigation and partial rootzone drying. Scientia Hortic. 104, 2, 137–149.
Hornero-Mendez D., Gómez-Ladrón de Guevara R., Minguez-Mosquera M.I., 2000. Carotenoid biosynthesis changes in five red pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) cultivars during ripening. Cultivar selection for breeding. J. Agric. Food Chem. 48 (9), 3857–3864.
Jadczak D., Grzeszczuk M., 2008. The estimation of yielding and biological value of some cultivars of sweet pepper grown in the climatic conditions of Western Pomeranian Region of Poland. Acta Hort. 830, 369–376.
Jadczak D., Grzeszczuk M., Kosecka D., 2010. Quality characteristics and content of mineral compounds in fruit of some cultivars of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). J. Elementol. 15(3), 509–515.
Kaniszewski S., 2005. Nawadnianie warzyw. PWRiL. Warszawa.
Kołton A., Wojciechowska R., Leja M., 2011. Effect of maturity stage and short-term storage on the biological quality of sweet pepper fruits. Veget. Crops Res. Bull. 74, 143–152.
Kowalczyk Z., Wnęk A., 2007. Wielkość i struktura nakładów pracy w uprawie gruntowej oraz pod osłonami wybranych warzyw. Inż. Roln. 7 (95), 93–99.
Kuczuk A., 2011. The productive-economic results of paprika cultivation in organic farming conditions. J. Res. App. Agric. Eng. 56(3), 243–249.
Materska M., Perucka I., 2005. Antioxidant activity of the main phenolic compounds isolated from hot pepper fruit (Capsicum annuum L.). J. Agric. Food Chem. 53(3), 1750–1756.
Michalik Ł., 2007. Wzrost i plonowanie papryki słodkiej (Capsicum annuum L.) uprawianej w polu w warunkach klimatycznych Olsztyna. Rocz. AR Pozn. 383, Ogrodnictwo 41, 571–575.
Michalik Ł., 2010. The effect of non-woven pp fabric covers on the yielding and the fruit quality of field-grown sweet peppers. Acta Sci. Pol., Hortorum Cultus 9(4), 25–32.
Nawarro J. M., Flores P., Garrido C., Martinez V., 2006. Changes in the contents of antioxidant compounds in pepper fruits at different ripening stages, as affected by salinity. Food Chem. 96 (1), 66–73.
Orłowski M., Grzeszczuk M., Jadczak D., 2004. The estimation of the yield and content of some chemical compounds in the fruits of chosen hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) cultivars. Fol. Hortic. 16(2), 11–16.
Perez-Lopez A.J., Moises del Amor F., Serrano-Martinez A., 2007. Influence of agricultural practices on the quality of sweet pepper fruits as affected by the maturity stage. J. Sci. Food Agric. 87(11), 2075–2080.
Perucka I., 2004. Zmiany zawartości karotenoidów w owocach papryki odmiany Bronowicka Ostra zachodzące podczas dojrzewania i zastosowania etefonu. Acta Sci. Pol., Technol. Aliment. 3(1), 85–92.
Perucka I., Materska M., Jachacz L., 2010. Ocena jakości preparatów otrzymanych z wysuszonych owoców papryki (Capsicum annuum L.). Żywność. Nauka. Technologia. Jakość 1(68), 30–39.
Sun T., Xu Z., Wu C.-T., Janes M., Prinyawiwatkul W., No H.K., 2007. Antioxidant activities of different colored sweet bell peppers (Capsicum annuum L.). J. Food Sci. 72, 98–102.
Szafirowska A., Elkner K., 2008. Yielding and fruit quality of three sweet pepper cultivars from organic and conventional cultivation. Veget. Crops Res. Bull. 69, 135–143.
Szafirowska A., Elkner K., 2009. The comparison of yielding and nutritive value of organic and conventional pepper fruits. Veget. Crops Res. Bull. 71, 111–121.
Szajdek A., Borowska J., 2004. Właściwości przeciwutleniające żywności pochodzenia roślinnego. Żywność. Nauka. Technologia. Jakość 4 (41), 5–28.
Žnidarčič D., Ban D., 2010. Plant population and cultural practices on yield of bell peppers (Capsicum annuum L.). 45th Croatian & 5 th Int. Symp. of Agric. 624–628.


Ewa Rożek 
University of Life Sciences in Lublin
Renata Nurzyńska-Wierdak 
University of Life Sciences in Lublin
Maria Kosior 
University of Life Sciences in Lublin



Articles are made available under the conditions CC BY 4.0 (until 2020 under the conditions CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
Submission of the paper implies that it has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

The author signs a statement of the originality of the work, the contribution of individuals, and source of funding.


Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 > >>