EFFECT OF SALICYLIC ACID FOLIAR APPLICATION ON Vitis vinifera L. cv. ‘SULTANA’ UNDER SALINITY STRESS
Mehdi OraeiDepartment of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Miyaneh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Miyaneh, Iran
Gholamreza GohariDepartment of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, Iran
Sima PanahiradDepartment of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
Fariborz Zaare-NahandiDepartment of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
The current survey aimed to study the effect of exogenous salicylic acid (SA) application on salinity stress of grapevine cv. ’Sultana’. The leaves of hydroponically cultivated grapes that were under 0, 75 and 150 mM salinity conditions treated with 0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5 mM SA and after two weeks, the factors such as Na+, K+, proline and MDA contents, leaf electrolyte leakage and enzymatic activities were measured. The results showed that all SA treatments were significantly effective at tolerance enhancement by reduction in Na+/K+ ratio, leaf electrolyte leakage, MDA and H2O2 values and promotion in proline content and the enzymatic activities (POD, APX, CAT and SOD) of grapes. These results indicated that SA application at salinity condition could be applied as a promising method for increasing the salinity tolerance of ‘Sultana’ grapes.
Keywords:antioxidant activity, hydroponic, grape, salicylic acid, salinity
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