ALLEVIATION OF DROUGHT STRESS IN PHASEOLUS VULGARIS L. CULTIVARS USING BIOSTIMULANTS IN ORGANIC AGRICULTURE


Abstract

This research was conducted to investigate the effects of phytostimulators application (Messenger, Crop-Set, ISR-2000) on yield and morphological parameters of common bean cultivars grown under four irrigation regimes [25% (I25), 50% (I50), 75% (I75) and 100% (I100)]. Phytostimulators reversed the negative effect of drought on plant growth. Significant interaction was determined for all parameters except stem diameter and stomatal conductivity between phytostimulator and drought applications. The best effect on stomatal conductivity was provided from ISR-2000 (23.5% reduction) application. The highest yield was obtained from the 25% water deficiency applied with 1.91 ton per hectare. It was determined that the best results were obtained from Messenger in Efsane and Asya cultivars and ISR-2000 in the Öz Ayşe cultivar on yield. Therefore, it was concluded that the use of phytostimulators under drought stress is important for the effective use of water.


Keywords

common bean; abiotic stress; plant activator; vegetative growth; yield

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Published : 2020-08-28


ULUKAPI, K., Nasircilar, A., Şener, S., & Aydinsakir, K. (2020). ALLEVIATION OF DROUGHT STRESS IN PHASEOLUS VULGARIS L. CULTIVARS USING BIOSTIMULANTS IN ORGANIC AGRICULTURE. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus, 19(4), 143-157. https://doi.org/10.24326/asphc.2020.4.13

Kamile ULUKAPI  kamileonal@akdeniz.edu.tr
Department of Plant and Animal Production, Vocational School of Technical Sciences, Akdeniz University, 07070, Antalya, Turkey  Turkey
Ayse Gul Nasircilar 
Department of Mathematics and Science Education, Faculty of Education, Akdeniz University, 07070, Antalya, Turkey  Turkey
Sevinç Şener 
Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Akdeniz University, 07070, Antalya, Turkey  Turkey
Koksal Aydinsakir 
Batı Akdeniz Agricultural Research Institute, 07100, Antalya, Turkey  Turkey




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