Narcissus, belonging to Amaryllidaceae family, is one of the emerging cut flower in ornamental industry. Appropriate cut flower packaging for ideal time period provides potential benefit of improving their post-harvest quality of flower. Current research was conducted with an objective to find out best suitable packaging materials and optimum storage duration for cut flowers of narcissus. Narcissus postharvest features were analyzed statistically and results showed significant difference among the treatments with respect to packaging material as well as storage duration. In our findings, polyethylene sleeve showed best results in most of postharvest parameters (vase life, total life, dry weight, and change in fresh weight). In our results, 2 hours duration of storage significantly improved the post-harvest parameters of cut Narcissus. Vase life, fresh and dry weight of flower obtained maximum value in two hours storage duration. It was interesting to note that as storage duration increased, post-harvest characters reduced. In conclusion, postharvest quality of cut Narcissus can be improved significantly by using suitable packaging material and optimizing storage duration.


vase life; storage; packaging material; cut flower

Asif, M. (2016). Developing optimal postharvest handling protocols for cut Polianthus tuberosa L. “single” spikes. Ph. D. thesis. Inst. Hort. Sci., University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Azarpahooh, E., Sharayei, P. (2015). Effect of cold storage on safrom flowers shelf life and dry stigma quality. J. App. Environ. Boil. Sci., 4, 14–19.
Bayat, H., Aminifard, M.H. (2017). Salicylic acid treatment extends the vase life of five commercial cut flowers. Electr. J. Biol., 13(1), 67–72.
Chakrabarty, S., Das, S., Dey, S., Chudali, H.D. (2012). Effects of different packaging materials under refrigerated storage condition on keeping quality of cut tuberose flower cv. Shringar (Polianthus tuberosa L.). J. Interacademicia, 223–226.
Dastagiri, D., Bhargav, V., Sharma, B.P. (2017). Standardization of wrapping materials and storage treatments for the postharvest life of Chincherinchee (Ornithogalum thyrsoides Jacq.) cut flowers. Int. J. Res. Appl. Nat. Soc. Sci., 5(5), 141–146.
Farooq, M.U., Ahmad, I., Khan, M.A. (2004). Storage and vase life of cut rose flowers as influenced by various packing materials. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 6, 237–239.
Finger, F.L., de Moraes, P.J., Barbosa, J.G., Grossi, J.A.S. (2002). Vase life of bird of paradise flowers influenced by pulsing and term of cold storage. Acta Hortic., 628, 863­867.
Gul, F., Tahir, I. (2013). An effective protocol for improving vase life and postharvest performance of cut Narcissus tazetta flowers. J. Saudi Soc. Agric. Sci., 12, 39–46.
Hansen, J.D., Hara, A.H. (1994). A review of posthrvest disinfestation of cut flowers and foliage with special reference to tropicals. Postharvest Biol. Technol., 4, 193–212.
Harbinson, J., van Meeteren, U., van Rensen, R. 2005. The use of imaging of the efficiency of photosystem II electron transport to visualize the effect of dry storage on the photosynthesis and the stomatal closure of cut rose stems. Acta Hortic., 669, 134–146.
Jowkar, M.M. (2006). Water relations and microbial proliferation in vase solutions of Narcissus tazetta L. cv. ‘Shahla-e-Shiraz’ as affected by biocide compounds. J. Hortic., Sci., Biotechnol., 81, 656–660.  
Kim, T.E., Kim, S., Han, T.J., Lee, J.S., Chang, S.C. (2002). ABA and polyamines act independently in primary leaves of cold-stressed tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum). Physiol. Plant., 115, 370–376.
Lewis, D.H., Borst, N.K. (1993). Evaluation of cool storage and preservative solution treatments on the display life of Limonium perigrinum inflorescences. N. Z. J. Crop Hortic., Sci., 21, 359–365.
Loubaud, M., van Doom, W.G. (2004). Wound-induced and bacteria induced xylem blockage in roses, Astilbe, and Viburnum. Postharvest Biol. Technol., 32, 281–288. 
Macnish, A., deTheije, A., Reid, M.S., Jiang, C.Z. (2009). An alternative postharvest handling strategy for cut flowers-dry handling after harvest. Acta Hortic., 847, 215–221. 
Nowak, J., Rudnicki, R.M. (1990). Postharvest handling and storage of cut flowers, florist greens, and potted plants. Tiber Press, Portland, 213–219. 
Prashanth, P., Chandrasekar, R. (2010). Influence of pulsing and packaging materials on the postharvest quality of cut gerbera cv. Yanara. Indian J. Agric. Res., 44, 66–69.
Redman, P.B., Dole, J.M, Maness, N.O., Anderson, J.A. (2002). Postharvest handling of nine specialty cut flower species. Sci., Hortic., 92, 293–303. 
Reid, M.S. (2002). Postharvest handling systems: Ornamental crops. In: Postharvest technology of horticultural crops, A.A. Kader (ed.). University of California, Oakland, 315–325.
Sacalis, J.N. (1993). Cut flowers: prolonging freshness. Post- production care and handling. Ball Publ., Batavia, 52–54.
Saleem, M., Ahmad, I., Khan, M.A. (2013). Cultivar effects on growth, yield and cormel production of gladiolus (Gladiolus grandiflorus L.). J. Ornam. Hortic., Plants, 3, 39–48.
Sardoei, A.S., Mohammadi, G.A., Rahbarian, P. (2013). Interaction effect of salicylic acid and putrescine on vase life of cut narcissus flowers. Int. J. Adv. Biol. Biomed. Res., 1(12),1569–1576.
Serrano, M., Martinez, G., Pretel, M.T., Riquelme, F., Romojaro, F. (1992). Cold storage of rose flowers (Rosa L. hybrids. cv. Visa): physiological alterations. Sci., Hortic., 51, 129–137. 
Sharma, B.P., Beshir, H.M., Dilta, B.S., Chaudhary, S.V.S. (2008). Effect of various wrapping material and storage durations on post harvest life of Asiatic hybrid lily cv. ‘Apeldoorn’. In: 4th National symposium on “Scenario of Agriculture in Changing Climatic Conditions”, 69–74.
Steel, R.G.D., James, H.T. (1997). Principles and procedures of statistics. A biometrical approach. 3rd ed. McGraw Hill Book Co., New York.
Gianfagna, T.J., Yam, K.L., Wulster, G.J. (2013). Special research report #452: Innovative packaging technologies to enhance the quality of fresh cut flowers. American Floral Endowment,
Teixeira da Silva, J.A (2003). The cut flower: postharvest considerations. Online J. Biol. Sci., 3, 406–442.
Tshwenyane, S.O., Legwaila, I.A. (2014). Effects of refrigrated and nonrefrigrated transportation on the quality of chrysanthemums cut flower in gaborone Int. J. Innov. Res., Sci., Engin. Technol., 3, 121–124.
van der Sman, R.G.M., Evelo, R.G., Wilkinson, E.C., van Doorn, W.G. (1996). Quality loss in packed rose flowers due to Botrytis cinerea infection as related to temperature regimes and packaging design. Postharvest Biol. Technol., 7, 341–350. 
Varu, D.K., Barad, A.V. (2008). Effect of different packing methods on vase life and quality of cut flowers in tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L.) cv. Double. Asian J. Biol. Sci., 3, 159–162.
Waithaka, K., Reid, M.S., Dodge, L.L. (2001). Cold storage and flower keeping quality of cut tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L.). J. Hortic., Sci., Biotech., 76(3), 271–275. 

Published : 2021-08-31

Shafique, M., Younis, A., Asif, M., Akram, A., Naseem, T., Tariq, U., Ahsan, M., Khan, N., & Nadeem, M. (2021). POST-HARVEST IMPACT OF PACKAGING MATERIAL AND STORAGE DURATION ON CUT Narcissus tazetta. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus, 20(4), 145-154.

Muhammad Umair Shafique 
Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan  Pakistan
Adnan Younis
Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan  Pakistan
Muhammad Asif 
Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan  Pakistan
Ahsan Akram 
Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan  Pakistan
Tahira Naseem 
Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan  Pakistan
Usman Tariq 
Department of Botany, G.C University Faisalabad, Sub-Campus Layyah, Pakistan  Pakistan
Muhammad Ahsan 
Department of Horticulture, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan  Pakistan
Nasir Ahmad Khan 
Department of Plant Pathology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan  Pakistan
Muhammad Nadeem 
University of Okara, Okara, Pakistan  Pakistan

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Articles are made available under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International (recognition by authorship, non-commercial use, no dependent works).
Submission of the paper implies that it has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

The author signs a statement of the originality of the work, the contribution of individuals, and source of funding.