Marek Siwulski

Poznań University of Life Sciences

Krzysztof Sobieralski

Poznań University of Life Sciences

Jerzy Mańkowski

Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants in Poznań


Mushrooms are cultivated on a wide range of materials of organic origin. Textile industry wastes seem to be interesting in this regard. In experiment, mycelium growth of the following eight mushroom species: Pholiota nameko (Ito) Ito et Imai, Flammulina velutipes (Curt. ex Fr.) Sing., Lyophyllum ulmarium (Bull. ex Fr.) Kumm., Marasmius oreades (Bolt.: Fr.) Fr., Hericium erinaceus (Bull: Fr.) Pers., Agrocybe aegerita (Brig.) Sing., Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Pegl. and Ganoderma lucidum (Curt: Fr.) Karst. cultivated on alder sawdust, rye straw, hemp and flax shive substrates was investigated. Significant variability in mycelium growth was observed depending on the mushroom species and the type of the applied substrate. The best mycelium growth of the examined mushroom species was recorded on flax shive and alder sawdust. In the majority of the experimental mushroom species, the worst growth of mycelia was recorded on the hemp shive substrate.


hemp shive, flax shive, edible fungi, mycelium

Akevia E., Beharav A., Wasser S.P. Nevo E., 2009. Disposal of agro-industrial by-products by organic cultivation of culinary and medicinal mushroom Hypsizygus marmoreus. Waste Manag. 29, 5, 1622–1627.
Chang S.T., 1976. Biological and commercial aspects of straw mushroom Volvariella cultivation. Mushroom Sci. 9, 2, 157–165.
Chang S.T., Hayes W.A., 1987. The biology and cultivation of edible mushrooms. Academic Press, New York.
Chang S.T., Miles P.G., 2004. Mushrooms – cultivation, nutritional value, medicinal effect and environmental impact. CRC Press, Boca Raton, London, New York, Washington, D.C. (p. 451)
Danai O., Levanon D., Silanikove N., 1989. Cotton straw silage as a substrate for Pleurotus cultivation. Mushroom Sci. 12, 2, 81–99.
Dorna H., Kaniewski R., Szyszyńska A., Banach J., Szopińska D., 2008. Effects of extract from hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) on health, vigour and germination of carrot seeds. 4th International Seed Health Conf., 7–9 September, Wrocław, Poland, 23.
Dundar A., Acay H., Yildiz A., 2009. Effect of using different lignocellulosic wastes for cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq.) P. Kumm. on mushroom yield, chemical composition and nutritional value. African J. Biotechnol. 8, 4, 662–666.
Elisashvili V., Penninckx M., Kachlishvili E., Tsiklauri N., Metreveli E., Kharziani T., Kvesitadze G., 2008. Lentinus edodes and Pleurotus species lignocellulolytic enzymes activity in submerged and solid-state fermentation of lignocellulosic wastes of different composition. Bioresour. Technol. 99, 3, 457–462.
Martinez A.T., Speranza M., Ruiz-Duenas F.J., Ferreira P., Camarero S., Guillen F., Martinez M.J., Gutierrez A., del Rio J.C., 2005. Biodegradation of lignocellulosics: microbial, chemical, and enzymatic aspects of fungal attack of lignin. Int. Microbiol. 8, 3, 195–204.
Oei P., 2003. Mushroom cultivation. Backhuys Publishers Leiden, The Netherlands (p. 429).
Ozcelik E, Peksen A., 2007. Hazelnut husk as a substrate for the cultivation of shiitake mushroom (Lentinula edodes). Bioresour. Technol. 98, 14, 2652–2658.
Poppe J., Hofte M., 1995. Twenty wastes for twenty cultivated mushrooms. Mushroom Science 14, 1, 171–179.
Rani P., Kalyani N., Prathiba K., 2008. Evaluation of lignocellulosic wastes for production of edible mushrooms. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 151(2–3), 151–159.
Siwulski M., Sobieralski K., Wojniłowicz M., 2009. Comparison of mycelium growth and yielding of selected strains of Hericium erinaceus (Bull. Fr.) Pers. on sawdust substrates with the glucose addition. Herba Polonica 55, 3, 266–272.
Stamets P., 2000. Growing gourmet and medicinal mushrooms. Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, Toronto (p. 574)
Zervakis G., Philippoussis A., Ioannidou S., Diamantopoulou P., 2001. Mycelium growth kinetics and optimal temperature conditions for cultivation of edible mushroom species on lignocellulosic substrates. Folia Microbiol., 46, 3, 231–234.


Marek Siwulski 
Poznań University of Life Sciences
Krzysztof Sobieralski 
Poznań University of Life Sciences
Jerzy Mańkowski 
Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants in Poznań



Articles are made available under the conditions CC BY 4.0 (until 2020 under the conditions CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
Submission of the paper implies that it has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

The author signs a statement of the originality of the work, the contribution of individuals, and source of funding.


Most read articles by the same author(s)