DE EFFECT OF CLEAR AND DEFUSE GLASS COVERING MATERIALS ON FRUIT YIELD AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF GREENHOUSE CUCUMBER GROWN IN HOT CLIMATE

Abdulaziz R. Alharbi

National Research and Development Center for Sustainable Agriculture (Estidamah), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Jouke Campen

Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, Droevendaalsesteeg, Wageningen, Netherlands

Mohamed Sharaf

National Research and Development Center for Sustainable Agriculture (Estidamah), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Feije de Zwart

Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, Droevendaalsesteeg, Wageningen, Netherlands

Wim Voogt

Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, Droevendaalsesteeg, Wageningen, Netherlands

Kess Scheffers

Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, Droevendaalsesteeg, Wageningen, Netherlands

Ilias Tsafaras

Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, Droevendaalsesteeg, Wageningen, Netherlands

Mohamed E. Abdelaziz

Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

Omer Babiker

Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, Droevendaalsesteeg, Wageningen, Netherlands

Nazim Gruda

INRES, Division for Horticultural Science, University of Bonn, Germany

Muien Qaryouti

National Research and Development Center for Sustainable Agriculture (Estidamah), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Khalid Al-Assaf

National Research and Development Center for Sustainable Agriculture (Estidamah), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Abstract

Using proper greenhouse covering materials can provide a suitable environment for plant growth in Saudi Arabia. The effects of three different greenhouse covering materials, clear glass, polycarbonate and diffuse tempered glass were used to evaluate its effect on cucumber productivity, water and energy use efficiency. Results show that either water or light use efficiency was higher in compartments covered with diffused or clear glass than polycarbonate compartment. Inconsequence, fruit yield of cucumber plants/m2 was significantly higher (58%) in clear and diffuse glass greenhouses as opposed to polycarbonate greenhouse. In term of the effect of cultivar or plant density, no significant differences on cucumber yield were found. Using of different covering materials did affect environmental data of greenhouses. Less light was transmitted through polycarbonate cover than clear or diffuse glass. The photosynthesis active radiation (P.A.R.) was 996, 1703, 1690 mol/m2/d, while the electricity consumption was 2.97, 3.44, and 2.88 kWh under polycarbonate, clear glass, and diffuse glass, respectively. Meanwhile, diffuse glass compartment revealed 16% lower of water consumption than other covering materials. In this respect, it could be concluded that using diffuse glass, as a greenhouse cover material, has a strong positive influence on crop productivity under Saudi Arabia climate.

Keywords:

Cucumis sativus L., water use efficiency, light transmission, polycarbonate, greenhouse covering materials, yield

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Published
2021-06-30



Abdulaziz R. Alharbi 
National Research and Development Center for Sustainable Agriculture (Estidamah), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Jouke Campen 
Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, Droevendaalsesteeg, Wageningen, Netherlands
Mohamed Sharaf 
National Research and Development Center for Sustainable Agriculture (Estidamah), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Feije de Zwart 
Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, Droevendaalsesteeg, Wageningen, Netherlands
Wim Voogt 
Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, Droevendaalsesteeg, Wageningen, Netherlands
Kess Scheffers 
Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, Droevendaalsesteeg, Wageningen, Netherlands
Ilias Tsafaras 
Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, Droevendaalsesteeg, Wageningen, Netherlands
Mohamed E. Abdelaziz 
Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
Omer Babiker 
Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, Droevendaalsesteeg, Wageningen, Netherlands
Nazim Gruda 
INRES, Division for Horticultural Science, University of Bonn, Germany
Muien Qaryouti 
National Research and Development Center for Sustainable Agriculture (Estidamah), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Khalid Al-Assaf 
National Research and Development Center for Sustainable Agriculture (Estidamah), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia



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