INFLUENCE OF FOLIAR APPLICATIONS OF YEAST EXTRACT, SEA-WEED EXTRACT AND DIFFERENT POTASSIUM SOURCES FERTILIZATION ON YIELD AND FRUIT QUALITY OF ‘FLAME SEEDLESS’ GRAPE
Alaa El-Din K. OmarDepartment of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafr El-Sheikh 33516, Egypt; Research and Consulting Institute, King Fasil University, KSA
Mahmoud Abdel-Aziz AhmedDepartment of Horticultural Crops Technology, National Research Centre, Dokki 12622-Cairo, Egypt.
Rashed Al-ObeedDepartment of Plant Production, College of Food and Agricultural Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2460, Riyadh 11451, KSA
Abdullah AlebidiDepartment of Plant Production, College of Food and Agricultural Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2460, Riyadh 11451, KSA
Using biofertilizers has been a good method in this respect. Field experiments were conducted in 2014 and 2015 on 6-year-old grapevine cv. “Flame Seedless” grown under arid conditions (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia) to evaluated the effects of foliar application with natural sources and chemical of fertilizer on yield and fruit quality. Eight different foliar spray treatments were applied at 4 weeks after fruit set and repeated after another 4 weeks. These treatments were yeast at 4, 6 or 8%; seaweed extract at 1 or 2%; potassium nitrate at 2%; potassium hydrogen phosphate at 2%, and the control (water only). Results indicated that the application of 8% yeast had improved fruit chemical characteristics (soluble solid content, reducing sugars and total sugars) and some physical characteristics (cluster width and weight of 100 berries). Application of 2% potassium nitrate had a significant effect on yield, cluster weight, cluster length, and volume of 100 berries.
Keywords:grapes, yeast extract, seaweed extract, KNO3, K2HPO4, yield and fruit quality
AOAC (1995). Association of Official Agricultural: Chemists. Official Methods of Analysis. 12 Ed., Benjamin Franklin station, Washington D.C., U.S.A., 490–510.
Abd El-Migeed, A.A., El-Sayed, A.B., Hassan, H.S.A. (2004). Growth enhancement of olive transplants by broken cells of fresh green algae as soil application. Minufia J. Agric. Res., 29(3), 723–737.
Abd El-Motty, E., Shahin, M.M., El-Shiekh, M., Abd El-Migeed, M. (2010). Effect of algae extract and yeast application on growth, nutritional status, yield and fruit quality of Keitte mango trees. Agric. Biol. J. N. Am., 1(3), 421–429. DOI: 10.5251/abjna.2010.1.3.421.429
Ahmed, F.F., Ragab, M.M.A., Gobara, A.A., Mansour, A.E. (1995). The beneficial of supplying active dry yeast to some nutrients foliage spraying for Anna apple trees Malus domestica. Symposium on Foliar fertilization a Technique to Improve Productivity and Decrease pollution. Cairo, Egypt.
Ahmed, F.F., Ragab, M.M. (2002). A new trial to stimulate growth and nutritional status of Picual olive transplants. The First International Conf. on olive cultivation, protection and processing, 25–27 September, El-Arish, Egypt, 19–35.
ALGA600 (2012). Seaweed extracts [ALGA600] (July, 2012) content. Available: https://horticentre.co.nz/wp-content/uploads/Technical%20Sheets/Alga600_A4info.pdf
Al-Obeed, R.S., Kassem, H.A., Ahmed, M.A. (2011). Leaf petiole mineral and fruit heavy metals content of different grape cultivars grown under arid environments and irrigated with treated domestic wastewater. Adv. Agric. Bot., 3(1), 5–14.
Ayed, A. (2002). Effect of chicken manure, sheep manure and inorganic fertilizer on yield and nutrients uptake by onion. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 5(3), 266–268. DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2002.266.268
Challen, S.B., Hemingway, J.C. (1965). Growth of higher plants in response to feeding with seaweed extract. Proceedings of 5th International Seaweed Symposium. August 25–28, 1965. Halifax, pp. 57.
Chouliaras, V., Gerascapoulos, D., Lionakis, S. (1995). Effects of seaweed extract on fruit growth, weight and maturation of ‘hayward’ kiwifruit. [In:] III International Symposium on Kiwifruit. ISHS Acta Hortic., 444, 485–492. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1997.444.74
Colapietra, M., Alexander, A. (2006). Effect of Foliar Fertilization on Yield and Quality of Table Grapes. [In:] Proc. V International Symposium on Mineral Nutrition of Fruit Plants, Retamales, J.B., Lobos, G.A. (eds.). ISHS Acta Hortic., 721. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2006.721.28
Crouch, I.J. (1990). The effect of seaweed concentrate on plant growth. PhD. Thesis, Department of Botany, University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.
Dobrei, A., Ghita, A., Cristea, T., Sfetcu, A. (2009). The influence of soil maintenance systems on vigor, quantity and production quality at some grape varieties for wine. J. Hortic. For. Biotechnol., 13, 97–200.
Dong, S., Cheng, L., Scagel, C., Fuchigami, L. (2005). Timing of urea application affects leaf and root N uptake in young Fuji/M9 apple trees. J. Hort. Sci. Biotech., 80, 116–120. DOI: 10.1080/14620316.2005.11511901
Elham, Z.A.E., Shahin, M.F.M., El-Shiekh, M.H., Abd El-Migeed, M. (2010). Effect of Algae extract and yeast application on growth, nutritional status, yield and fruit quality of Keitte mango trees. Agric. Biol. J. N. Am., (3), 421–429.
FAO (2012). Faostat: Statistical Database. Available: http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC
Fathy, E.S.L., Farid, S. (1996). The possibility of using vitamin Bs and yeast to delay senescence and improve growth and yield of common beans (Phaseolos vulgaris, L.). J. Agric Sci. Mansoura Univ., 21(4), 1415–1423.
Fathy, E.S.L., Farid, S., El-Desouky, S.A. (2000). Induce cold tolerance of outdoor tomatoes during early summer season by using triphosphate (ATP), yeast, another natural and chemical treatments to improve their fruiting and yield. J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura Univ., 25(1), 377–401.
Fleet, G. (2007). Yeasts in foods and beverages: impact on product quality and safty. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol., 18(2), 170–175. DOI: 10.1016/j.copbio.2007.01.010
Fornes, F., Sanchez-Perales, M., Guardiola, J.L. (1995). Effect of a seaweed extract on citrus fruit maturation. International Symposium on Quality of Fruit and Vegetable, Acta Hortic., 379, 200–220. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1995.379.6
Fornes, F., Sanchez, M., Guardiola, J.L. (2002). Effect of a seaweed extract on the productivity of “de Nules” Clementine Mandarin and Navelina orange. Bot. Mar., 45(5), 487–489.
Geraldson, C.M. (1985). Potassium nutrition of vegetable crops. [In:] Potassium in Agriculture, Munson, R.D. (ed.). ASA-CSSA-SSSA, Madison, WI. 915–927.
Haider, M.W., Ayyub, C.M., Pervez, M.A., Asad, H.U., Manan, A., Raza, S.A., Ashraf, I. (2012). Impact of foliar application of seaweed extract on growth, yield and quality of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Soil Environ., 31(2), 157–162.
Hanafy, M.S., Saadawy, F.M., Milad, S.M.N., Ali, R.M. (2012). Effect of some natural extracts on growth and chemical constituents of Schefflera arboricola plants. J. Hort. Sci. Ornamental Plants, 4(1), 26–33.
Hassan-Hoda, M.I. (2008). Effect of algae extract on productivity of Balady orange trees. M. Sc. Thesis. Faculty of Agriculture, Minia University, Egypt.
Hegab, M.Y., Shaarawy, A.M.A., El-Saida, S.A.G. (2005). Effect of Algae extract and mono potassium phosphate on growth and fruiting of Balady orange trees. Bull. Fac. Agric. Cairo Univ., 56, 107–120.
Hewedy, A.M., Morsy, M.A., Hafez, M. (1996). Effect of frequency of fruit picking and foliar spray with some stimulants on the subsequent seed yield of eggplant. Egypt–Hung, Hort conf., 1, 50–61.
Howgate, P. (1998). Review of the public health safety of products from aquaculture. Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 33, 99–125.
Ito, K., Hori, K. (1989). Seaweed: chemical composition and potential food uses. Food Rev. Int., 5, 101–144.
Khanzada, A.K., Shaikh, W., Kazi, W., Kabir, S., Soofa, S. (2007). Antifungal activity, elemental analysis and determination of total protein of seaweed, Solieria robusta (Greville) Kylin form the cost of Karachi. Pak. J. Bot., 39, 931–937.
Khedr, Z.M.A., Farid, S. (2000). Response of naturally virus infected tomato plant to yeast extract and phosphoric acid application. Ann. Agric. Sci. Moshtohor, 38(2), 927–939.
Kullk, M.M. (1995). The potential cyanobacteria (blue green algae) and algae for using in the biological control of plants. Pathogenic Bacteria and Fungi European J. Plant Pathol., 101(6), 585–599.
Lane, J.H., Eynon, L. (1965). Determination of Reducing Sugars by Means of Fehling’s Solution with Methylene Blue as Indicator AOAC. Washington D.C.U.S.A., 100–110.
Martinez-Anoya, M.A., Pitarch, B., Bayarri, P., Benedito de Barber, C. (1990). Microflora of the sour doughs wheat flour bread. X. Interaction between yeast and lactic acid bacteria in wheat doughs and their effects on bread quality. Cereal Chem., 6, 85.
Massie, S. (2003). Environmentally friendly feeds for aquaponic systems. Aquaponics J., 7, 15–17.
Mohamed, F., Hallal, F.A., El-Shabraway, R.A. (1999). A comparative study on the effect of bread yeast and foliage nutrients application on the productivity and quality of two pea cultivars. Egypt. J. Appl. Sci., 14(10), 284–299.
Nagodawithana, W.T. (1991). Yeast technology. Universal Foods Corporation. Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp. 273.
Omer, A. Khalieda (2003). Effect of foliar spraying with yeast suspension on growth and yield of tomato plant C.V. Early Pearson. Iraqi J. Agri. Sci., 4(3), 23–28.
Oros, G., Detre, T., Komaromi, I., Rejto, L., Szego, A. (2003). Experience of the development of new spectrum microbicide for plant protection. The role of synergy. [In:] Proceeding of the 3rd International Plant Protection Symposium, October 15–16, 2003, Kovics, G.J. (ed.). Debrecen University, Hungary, 17–24.
Rengel, Z., Damon, P.M., Cakmak, I. (2008). Crops and genotypes differ in efficiency of potassium uptake and use. Physiol. Plant., 133(4), 624–636.
Sarker, A., Kashem, A., Osman, K.T. (2012). Influence of city finished compost and nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (NPK) fertilizer on yield, nutrient uptake and nutrient use efficiency of radish (Raphanus sativus L.) in an acid soil. Intern. J. Agric. Sci., 2(12), 315–321.
SAS (2000). SAS/STAT User’s Guide, Release 6.03. SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA.
Snedecor, G.W., Cochran, W.G. (1980). Statistical Methods. 7 Ed., Iowa State Univ. Press. Ames., Iowa, USA, pp. 593.
Swietlik, D., Faust, M. (1984). Foliar nutrition of fruit crops. Hort. Rev., 6, 287–355.
Usherwood, N.R. (1985). The role of potassium in crop quality. In Potassium in Agriculture, Munson, R.D. (ed.). ASA-CSSA-SSSA, Madison, WI., 489–513.
Washington, W.S., Engleitner, S., Boontjes, G., Shanmuganathan, N. (1999). Effects of fungicides, seaweed extract, tea tree oil and fungal agents on fruit rot and yield in strawberry. Aust. J. Exp. Agric., 39, 487–494.
Weinbaum, S.A. (1988). Foliar nutrition of fruit trees. [In:] Plant Growth and Foliar-Applied Chemicals, Neumann, P.M. (ed.). CRC Press, Boca Raton. WEINBAUM, S.A., 81–100.
Zatloukalova, A., Losak, T., Hlusek, J., Pavlousek, P., Sedlacek, M., Filipcik, R. (2011). The effect of soil and foliar applications of magnesium fertilisers on yields and quality of vine (Vitis vinifera L.) grapes. Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendel. Brun., 59(3), 221–226.
Zlámalová, T., Elbl, J., Baron, M., Belikova, H., Lampir, L., Hlusek, J., Losak, T. (2015). Using foliar applications of magnesium and potassium to improve yields and some qualitative parameters of vine grapes (Vitis vinifera L.). Plant Soil Environ., 61(10), 451–457.
Articles are made available under the conditions CC BY 4.0 (until 2020 under the conditions CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
Submission of the paper implies that it has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
The author signs a statement of the originality of the work, the contribution of individuals, and source of funding.