Fardin Ghanbari

Young Researchers and Elite Club, Khorram-Abad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorram-Abad, Iran

Sajad Kordi

Young Researchers and Elite Club, Khorram-Abad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorram-Abad, Iran


Chilling stress is of major limiting factors influencing the growth and development of warm-season crops like cucumber. In this research, the possibility of chilling tolerance of cucumber seedlings was investigated through employing the drought and low-temperature pretreatments. The factorial experiment consisted of two factors including cucumber cultivars (i.e. ‘Super Dominos’ and ‘Super Star’) and hardening treatments (control, low temperatures at 10°C, and 15°C and drought simulated by 10% and 20% PEG) based on completely randomized design (CRD) in 3 replications. After applying treatments and providing them 48 h opportunity to be recovered, the seedlings were subjected to 3°C for a six-day period and 6 h for each day. All hardening treatments improved seedlings’ growth, chlorophyll content, total phenol (TP) and antioxidant enzyme activities, while reducing chilling injury index and malondialdehyde (MDA) content. Comparing to temperature hardening, the drought pretreatment showed to have a better effect on inducing the chilling tolerance into cultivars. Overall, the results of this experiment showed that employing drought and low-temperature pretreatments enabled cucumber seedlings to mitigate the harmful effects of chilling.


antioxidant, catalase, chilling injury, chlorophyll, hardening

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Fardin Ghanbari 
Young Researchers and Elite Club, Khorram-Abad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorram-Abad, Iran
Sajad Kordi 
Young Researchers and Elite Club, Khorram-Abad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorram-Abad, Iran



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