MICROCLIMATIC CONDITIONS AND PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF SOIL IN INTENSIVE ECOLOGICAL VEGETABLE CROP ROTATION IN HIGH TUNNEL
In 2014–2015 at the experimental station of the University of Agriculture in Kraków, situated in Mydlniki near Kraków, Poland, experiments with intensive crop rotation in a high tunnel were conducted. The objectives concerned microclimatic zones in the tunnel and the yield and quality of butterhead lettuce (spring), cucumber (summer), and butterhead lettuce (autumn). Besides the properties of the soil in the high tunnel, a crucial role was played by microclimatic factors. The measurements showed variations in solar radiation, temperature and air humidity depending on the zone in the tunnel and the weather. Higher temperature in the centre of the tunnel was conducive to obtaining greater yields of spring lettuce and cucumber. In the spring and summer periods, the amounts of dry matter and total sugars in the edible parts of the cultivated vegetables were higher in the eastern and central zones of the tunnel. In the autumn, with less solar radiation, the amount of sugars in lettuce leaves was greater in the western zone. There was observable influence of the location in the tunnel from which samples were taken for analyses (zonal effect) on some physical parameters of the soil (bulk density, water capacity, and water-stability index).
PAR radiation; temperature; soil; lettuce; cucumber; yield
Boulard, T., Wang, S. (2002). Experimental and numerical studiem on the heterogeneity of crop transpiration in a plastic tunel. Comput. Electron. Agr., 34, 173–190. DOI: 10.1016/S0168-1699(01)00186-7
Bronick, C.J., Lal, R. (2005). Soil structure and management: a review. Geoderma, 124(1–2), 3–22. DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2004.03.005
El-Aidy, F., El-Zawely, A., Hassan, N., El-Sawy, M. (2007). Effect of plastic tunnel size on production of cucumber in delta of Egypt. Appl. Ecol. Env. Res., 5(2), 11–24. DOI: 10.15666/aeer/0502_011024
Figuier, B. (2016). Plasticulture in Europe. Plasticulture, 135, 20–27.
Hecher, E.A.D.S., Falk, C.L., Enfield, J., Guldan, S.J., Uchanski, M.E. (2014). The economics of low-cost high tunnels for winter vegetable production in the Southwestern United States. Horttechnology, 24(1), 7–15. DOI: 10.21273/HORTTECH.24.1.7
Hemming, S., Baeza-Romero, E.J. (2018). Effect of greenhouse films on climate, energy light distribution and crop performance – mesearing film properties and modeling results. Plasticulture, 137, 78–94.
Kalisz, A., Siwek, P., Sulak, K. (2018). Influence of spunbond degradable floating row covers on microclimate modification and yield of field cucumber. Span. J. Agric. Res., 16(2). DOI: 10.5424/sjar/2018162-11968
Knewtson, S.J.B., Carey, E.E., Kirkham, M.B. (2010). Management Practices of Growers Using High Tunnels in the Central Great Plains of the United States. Horttechnology, 20(3), 639–645. DOI: 10.21273/HORTTECH.20.3.639
Komornicki, T. (ed.), Oleksynowa, K., Tokaj, J., Jakubiec, J. (1991). Przewodnik do ćwiczeń z gleboznawstwa i geologii. Cz. II. Metody laboratoryjne analizy gleby [Soil Sampling and Analysis Method and Guidelines]. Wydawnictwo AR, Kraków.
Lamont, W.J. (2009). Overview of the use of high tunnels worldwide. Horttechnology, 19(1), 25–29. DOI: 10.21273/HORTSCI.19.1.25
Linsler, D., Geisseler, D., Loges, R., Taube, F., Ludwig, B. (2013). Temporal dynamics of soil organic matter composition and aggregate distribution in permanent grassland after a single tillage event in a temperate climate. Soil. Till. Res., 126, 90–99. DOI: 10.1016/j.still.2012.07.017
Lityński, T. Jurkowska, H. Grochala, E. (1976). Analiza chemiczno-rolna [Methods in agricultural chemical analysis]. PWN, Warszawa.
Lodhi, A.S., Kaushal, A., Singh, K.G. (2013). Effect of irrigation regimes and low tunnel heights on microclimatic parameters in the growing of sweet pepper. Int. J. Eng. Sci. Invent., 2(7), 20–29.
Mydlarz, J., Siwek, P., Cebula, S., Libik, A. (1994). Caratteristica delle condizioni microclimatiche della cultura in tunnel tipo „Igołomski”. 13th International Congress of C.I.P.A., Verona, 8–11.03, vol. 1.
O’Connell, S., Rivard, C., Peet, M.M., Harlow, C., Louws, F. (2012). High tunnel and field production of organic heirloom tomatoes: yield, fruit quality, disease, and microclimate. HortScience, 47(9), 1283–1290. DOI: 10.21273/HORTSCI.47.9.1283
Ostrowska, A., Gawliński, S., Szczubiałka, Z. (1991). Metody analizy i oceny właściwości gleb i roślin [Soil and Plant Analysis Procedures]. Instytut Ochrony Środowiska, Warszawa.
PN-EN ISO 13395:2001. Determination of nitrite and nitrate nitrogen and their sum by flow analysis (CFA and FIA) with spectrometric detection. Polish Committee for Standardization.
Reyes-Rosas, A., Molina-Aiz, F.D., López, A., Valera, D.L. (2017). A simple model to predict air temperature inside a Mediterranean greenhouse. Acta Hortic. Proc. V International Symposium on Models for Plant Growth, Environment Control and Farming Management in Protected Cultivation (HortiModel2016), Bertin, N. et al. (eds.), 95–103. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1182.11
Rudisill, M.A., Bordelon, B.P., Turco, R.F., Hoagland, L.A. (2015). Sustaining soil quality in intensively managed high tunnel vegetable production systems: a role for green manures and chicken litter. HortScience, 50, 461–468. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.50.3.461
Sady, W. (2000). Nawożenie warzyw polowych [Field Vegetable Fertilization]. Plantpress, Kraków.
Siwek, P., Domagała-Świątkiewicz, I., Kalisz, A. (2015). The influence of degradable polimer mulches on soil properties and cucumber yield. Agrochimica, 59(2), 108–123. DOI: 10.12871/0021857201522
Siwek, P, Libik, A. (2012). Plastic covers in Polish horticulture. Plasticulture, 131, 65–73.
Siwek, P., Libik, A., Zawiska, I. (2012). The effect of biodegradable nonwovens in butterhead lettuce cultivation for early harvest. Folia Hortic., 24(2), 161–166. DOI: 10.2478/v10245-012-0020-2
Siwek, P., Wojciechowska, R., Kalisz, A., Libik, A., Gryza, I. (2010). Effect of shading with various coloured films on the yield and quality of celery and butterhead lettuce. Ecol. Chem. Eng., 17(12), 1619–1627.
Six, J., Conant, R.T., Paul, E.A., Paustian, K. (2002). Stabilization mechanism of soil organic matter, implications for C-saturation of soils. Plant Soil, 241, 155–176. DOI : 10.1023/A:1016125726789
Wojciechowska, R., Siwek, P. (2007). The effect of the kind of polyethylene film used for cover of low tunnels and plant shading before harvest on nitrate metabolism in butterhead lettuce. Folia Hortic., 19(2), 99–107.
World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014 [update 2015]. IUSS Working Group WRB. International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. World Soil Resources Reports, No. 106. FAO, Rome.
Yoder, R.E. (1936). A direct method of aggregate analysis of soils and a study of the physical nature of erosion losses. J. Am. Soc. Agron., 28, 337–351. DOI: 10.2134/agronj1936.00021962002800050001x
Zawiska, I., Siwek, P. (2014). The effect of biodegradable direct covers on the root development, yield and quality of cucumber. Folia Hortic. 26(1), 43–48. DOI: 10.2478/fhort-2014-0004
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Articles are made available under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (recognition by authorship, non-commercial use, no dependent works).
The author signs a statement on the originality of the work and the contribution of individuals.
Submission of the paper implies that it has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.