IDENTIFICATION OF GENETIC DIVERSITY AMONG Arnica montana L. GENOTYPES USING RAPD MARKERS
Sylwia OkońUniversity of Life Science in Lublin
Edyta Paczos-GrzędaUniversity of Life Science in Lublin
Magdalena ŁobodaUniversity of Life Science in Lublin
Danuta SugierUniversity of Life Science in Lublin
Arnica montana L. is one of the most important herbal plants used in medicine, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry. The number of studies performed with molecular markers on arnica genotypes is very limited. Because of this fact the aims of presented examination were optimization of protocols DNA isolation from fresh leaves of A. montana and identification of genetic diversity among this plant genotypes. In presented study to obtain pure DNA Plant & Fungi DNA Purification Kit (EURx) were used. To clean obtained DNA long and slow electrophoresis and isolation DNA from gels were used. A. montana genotypes were analyzed using 40 RAPD primers (Operon Technologies), out of which 12 produced high number of polymorphic and repeatable fragments. In total, selected primers produced 120 fragments, among them 111 (92.5%) were polymorphic. The genetic similarity matrices were produced based on RAPD using the Dice’s coefficient.
RAPD based genetic similarity was estimated between 0.535 and 0.945. The highest genetic similarity was estimated among GA17 and GA18 genotypes, which are closely located on the obtained dendrogramme.
Keywords:DNA polymorphism, medicinal plant, molecular analysis
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