Tomo Milošević

Faculty of Agronomy in Čačak, Serbia

Nebojša Milošević

Fruit Research Institute in Čačak, Serbia

Ivan Glišić

Faculty of Agronomy in Čačak, Serbia

Ivana S. Glišić

Fruit Research Institute in Čačak, Serbia


Fruit apricot dimensions, weight, size and shape are the most commonly measured pomological properties. The size and shape features of 13 apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) cultivars and promising Serbian selections grown in Western Serbia were investigated using a multivariate analysis. The apricots promoted fruits wider than long in shape, except ‘Harcot’, ‘T 7’, ‘Précoce de Tyrinthe’, ‘Roksana’ and ‘Vera’, whereas all cultivars and selections are wider than thick. Most of cultivars and/or selections tend to round shape. Mean values for fruit and stone weight, flesh rate, geometric mean diameter, kernel weight, sphericity, aspect ratio, surface area and volume ranged from 37.09 to 81.60 g, 2.71 to 4.18 g, 91.93 to 96.46%, 41.76 to 65.08 mm, 0.60 to 1.17 g, 0.94 to 1.03, 95.04 to 108.09%, 55.13 to 133.77 cm2 and 38.31 to 145.10 cm3, respectively. For the most of attributes evaluated, ‘Roksana’ had the highest values. A high correlation was found among
some physical attributes. According to their 22 properties, the apricots grouped into five clusters. There was either relative independence or close correspondence among the evaluation indexes of apricot fruit quality. Principal components analysis showed that the first three principal components variance accumulation contribution rate amounted to 85.77%, which reflected most of the size and shape characteristics of apricots.


fruit pomological properties, cluster analysis, elongation, principal component analysis, Prunus armeniaca L.

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Tomo Milošević 
Faculty of Agronomy in Čačak, Serbia
Nebojša Milošević 
Fruit Research Institute in Čačak, Serbia
Ivan Glišić 
Faculty of Agronomy in Čačak, Serbia
Ivana S. Glišić 
Fruit Research Institute in Čačak, Serbia



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