INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT ROOTSTOCKS ON BASIC NUTRIENTS, SELECTED MINERALS, AND PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS OF APPLE CV. ‘ŠAMPION’
Piotr KiczorowskiUniversity of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Bożena KiczorowskaUniversity of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Marcela KrawiecUniversity of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Magdalena KapłanUniversity of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
The research objective was to determine and compare dry matter, crude protein, mineral elements (total), dietary fiber, easily hydrolysable sugars, vitamin C, and minerals (K, Na, Mg, Cu) as well as the content of epicatechin and phenolic acids (homovanillic, chlorogenic, caffeic, coumaric, and ferulic) in the flesh and peel of ‘Šampion’ cv. apples grafted on 4 different rootstocks types: M.26, P2, M.9, and P22 in 2014–2015. The apples from trees grafted on the P22 rootstock had the highest content of dry matter, crude protein, fiber, easily hydrolysable sugars, and vitamin C. The highest mineral compound concentration was exhibited by apples from trees growing on rootstocks P22, P2, and M.9. The highest concentration of phenolic acids was determined in the peel of fruits from trees growing on P22 and M.9. The observations confirm that rootstocks characterized by the lowest growth rate (P22, M.9) ensure the highest accumulation of nutrients in ‘Šampion’ fruits.
Keywords:nutrients, phenols, vitamin C, apple, rootstocks
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