Ali Sabir

University of Selcuk, Konya, Turkey

Kevser Yazar

University of Selcuk, Konya, Turkey


Few studies examined the stomatal conductance (gs) characteristics of grapevines with an emphasis on daily climatic responses. In the present study, diurnal measurements
on leaf temperature and gs of three grapevine cultivars (Alphonse Lavallée, Crimson Seedless and Italia) were carried out. The leaf temperature values for the cultivars
at 08:30 were 25.0 ±1°C and it increased to a maximum value between 12:00 and 14:50 p.m. After an almost steady course, it decreased along with the decrease in ambient
temperature. The gs values increased from morning (08:30 a.m.) to mid-morning (10:30 a.m.) for all the cultivars. After reaching a peak level at mid-morning, the gs decreased
gradually from the mid-morning throughout the afternoon. In the morning, the highest and the least gs values were obtained from Italia (232 mmol H2O m-2 s-1) and Crimson Seedless (149.6 mmol H2O m-2 s-1) cultivars. At around 10:30, the gs for Italia, Crimson Seedless and Alphonse Lavallée were at the highest levels with their valus 287.7, 262.1 and 242.0 mmol H2O m-2 s-1, respectively. The last measurements on gs at around 16:10 varied from to 96.7 (Italia) to 112.0 mmol H2O m-2 s-1 (Alphonse Lavallée). During the daily time course, the gs depended mainly on irradiance. Tleaf  showed a strong relationship with Tair for all the cultivars. There was a strong, but negative correlation between leaf temperature and air humidity for all the cultivars.


stomatal conductance, leaf temperature, sunlight, V. vinifera

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Ali Sabir 
University of Selcuk, Konya, Turkey
Kevser Yazar 
University of Selcuk, Konya, Turkey



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