Eugeniusz Pacholak

Poznań University of Life Sciences

Zofia Zydlik

Poznań University of Life Sciences

Krzysztof Rutkowski

Poznań University of Life Sciences


The objective of studies carried out in years 2002–2009 was to determine the effect of nitrogen fertilization on the content of mineral components in the leaves of
cherry trees and on the changes in assimilable components in the arable and subarable soil layers. Cherry orchards were established in spring 1999, 2001 and 2002 with the application of ‘Łutówka’ cultivar, type IR2. In the orchards planted in 2001 and 2002, trees were spaced in 4 × 1.3 m density (1920 trees · ha-1). In the orchard planted in 1999, the tree density was 4 × 2 m (1250 trees · ha-1). Orchards were planted on the same field, on greybrown podzolic soil created on boulder clay sandy loam. In spring 2002, in each of the planted orchards, nitrogen fertilization was applied in the doses of 0, 50 and 120 kg · ha-1. Our studies have shown that the fertilization with the differentiated nitrogen doses carried out for many years exerted an effect on changes in the soil chemical properties, in comparison
with the initial soil status in the year 2002. Contents of assimilable phosphorus and potassium, both in the arable and the subarable magnesium decreased in a lesser degree, while in the orchard planted in 2002, magnesium showed even an increase. However, it must be stressed that in spite of the lapse of time, the soil contents of phosphorus and magnesium, in comparison with the critical values, were on a high level, while potassium showed an optimal or high level, with pH value from 5.7 to 6.6. General analysis revealed that nitrogen fertilization, as well as the age trees exerted an influence on the content of components indicating that N fertilization exerted an increasing effect on nitrogen and magnesium contents, but it decreased the contents of potassium and calcium.


cherry, fertilization, mineral components, soil, leaves

Bould C., Hughes H. M., Guun E., 1972. Effects of soil management and NPK fertilizer on tree growth, yield and leafs nutrient composition of dessert apples. Expl. Hort., 24, 25–36.
Haynes R. J., 1980. Some observations surface soil pH, base saturation and leching of cations under three contrashing orchard soil management practices. Plant and Soil, 56(3), 429–438.
Komosa A., 1990. Changes in some chemical properties of the soil under grass sward and herbicides stips in apple orchards. Acta Hort., 274, 223–230.
Komosa A., Pacholak E., 1995. Wpływ ośmioletniego nawożenia azotem na zawartość składników pokarmowych w glebie i liściach jabłoni. Prace Kom. Nauk Rol. i Leś., PTPN, 79, 187–193.
Kozłowska M., 2007. Fizjologia roślin. PWRiL, Warszawa.
Pacholak E., 1991. Nawożenie i nawadnianie w intensywnym sadzie jabłoniowym a zawartość składników mineralnych w glebie i liściach. Prace Kom. Nauk Rol. i Leś., PTPN, 71, 75–83.
Pacholak E., 1988. Reakcja jabłoni odmiany Cortland na nawożenie mineralne. Część I. Okres od 1–7 roku po posadzeniu. Prace Kom. Nauk Rol. i Leś., PTPN, 65, 165–178.
Pacholak E., Komosa A., 1993. Zmiany zasobności gleby w sadzie pod wpływem 12-letniego nawożenia NPK i nawadniania. Zesz. Nauk. AR w Krakowie, 37, 421–430.
Pacholak E., Komosa A., 1995. Nawożenie azotem a wzrost i plonowanie jabłoni. Prace Kom. Nauk Rol. i Leś., PTPN, 79, 203–207.
Pacholak E., Łysiak G., 1993. Wpływ nawożenia i nawadniania na zmiany zawartości składników w glebie, wzrost i plonowanie jabłoni po replantacji. Prace Kom. Nauk Rol. i Leś., PTPN, 75, 139–147.
Parynow S., Piatkowski M., 1973. Wpływ wysokiego nawożenia mineralnego na plonowanie jabłoni w pełni owocowania. Prace. Inst. Sad., E-1, 97–99.
Sadowski A., 1995. Odżywianie mineralne roślin sadowniczych. Sadownictwo, PWRiL, Warszawa.
Sadowski A., Kozera G., Makosz E., Moszyński M., Ostrowska J., Pacholak E., Szwedo J., Wrona D., Żmuda E., 1990. Effect of nitrogen fertilization in field trials conducted in commercial fruit orchards. Acta Hort. 272, 413–418.
Sas-Paszt L., Głuszek S., 2007. Rola korzeni oraz rizosfery we wzroście i plonowaniu roślin sadowniczych. Post. Nauk Roln. 6, 27–39.
Stark Z., 2008. Stresy wynikające z nieprawidłowego odżywiania roślin azotem. Post. Nauk Roln., 1, 27–42.
Terts I., 1968. Tälialma – traoyazasi tratamkiserlet evedmemenyej homaktala jbm. Szőlo – Győlőlost erm. 4, 51–72.


Eugeniusz Pacholak 
Poznań University of Life Sciences
Zofia Zydlik 
Poznań University of Life Sciences
Krzysztof Rutkowski 
Poznań University of Life Sciences



Articles are made available under the conditions CC BY 4.0 (until 2020 under the conditions CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
Submission of the paper implies that it has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

The author signs a statement of the originality of the work, the contribution of individuals, and source of funding.


Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>