TOMATO (Solanum esculentum Mill.) YIELD AND NUTRITIONAL TRAITS ENHANCEMENT AS AFFECTED BY BIOCHAR, ORGANIC AND INORGANIC FERTILIZERS


Abstract

This experiment studied the effects of biochar and chicken manure tea compost on growth, productivity, and nutritional traits of tomato (Solanum esculentum MILL). A factorial based experiment within complete randomized block design with three replications was conducted to evaluate the traits. The results showed that the biochar + chemical fertilizer (TIB1) contained the significantly highest values of soil EC (1.81 dsm–1), total N (0.39%), available P (156.92 ppm), available K (442.22 ppm), leaf N (3.54%), leaf K (6.73%), and shoot dry weight (463 g). The treatment of (TIB1) increased the production of tomatoes by 393.9% above the control soil conditions. Significant differences in fruit quality were observed. The biochar + chicken manure compost tea (1 : 4) (T3B1) treatment contained the highest values of total polyphenols (378.83 mg) and vitamin C (29.03 mg/100 g–1), it but did not significantly affect total soluble solid and titratable acidity values on average compared with control conditions. However, the application of biochar at 10 tons ha–1 cannot fully substitute for fertilizers. Therefore, nutrition management can be achieved by biochar plus inorganic and organic fertilizer to increase tomato productivity and quality, respectively.


Keywords

chicken manure; compost tea; fruit quality; Solanum esculentum Mill.; soil properties; wood biochar

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Published : 2021-04-27


Nabaei, S., Hassandokht, M., Abdossi, V., & Ardakani, M. (2021). TOMATO (Solanum esculentum Mill.) YIELD AND NUTRITIONAL TRAITS ENHANCEMENT AS AFFECTED BY BIOCHAR, ORGANIC AND INORGANIC FERTILIZERS. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus, 20(2), 63-72. https://doi.org/10.24326/asphc.2021.2.7

Seyed Mahdi Nabaei 
Department of Horticultural Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran  Iran, Islamic Republic of
Mohammad Reza Hassandokht 
College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran  Iran, Islamic Republic of
Vahid Abdossi  vahidabdoss98@gmail.com
Department of Horticultural Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran  Iran, Islamic Republic of
Mohammad Reza Ardakani 
Department of Agronomy, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran  Iran, Islamic Republic of




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