BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOME PLUM CULTIVARS GROWN IN MONTENEGRO
Djina BožovićBiotechnical Faculty, Centre for Growing Continental Fruits, Medicinal and Aromatic Herbs, University Montenegro, 84000 Bijelo Polje, Montenegro
Borut BosančićFaculty of Agriculture, Genetic Resources Institute, University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia & Herzegovina
Ana VelimirovićBiotechnical Faculty, Centre for Growing Continental Fruits, Medicinal and Aromatic Herbs, University Montenegro, 84000 Bijelo Polje, Montenegro
Sezai ErcisliAgricultural Faculty, Department of Horticulture, Ataturk University, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey
Vučeta JaćimovićBiotechnical Faculty, Centre for Growing Continental Fruits, Medicinal and Aromatic Herbs, University Montenegro, 84000 Bijelo Polje, Montenegro
Hakan KelesAgricultural and Natural Science Faculty, Department of Horticulture, Bozok University, 66900 Yozgat, Turkey
Some biological characteristics of 10 local and internationally well-known plum cultivars grown in Gornje Polimlje, Montenegro were studied between 2009–2011. Čačanska Rodna, Čačanska Lepotica, Stanley, Čačanska Rana, Valjevka and Valerija cultivars showed high productivity. The highest fruit mass was obtained from California Blue cultivar while the smallest fruit mass was measured for Požegača cultivar in all measured years. Soluble Solid Content (SSC), total acidity, total sugars, reducing sugars, sucrose, cellulose, vitamin C, total anthocyanin and ash content of plum cultivars were between 12.60–20.40%, 0.66–1.15%, 10.65–15.24%, 7.17–11.94%, 1.16–6.07%, 0.30–12.49%, 10.69–15.50 mg·100 g-1, 0.6–7.7 mg·100 g-1 and 0.55–0.78%, respectively. The amount of potassium, which predominates in percentage of minerals in the ash, ranged from 1893 to 2199 mg·kg-1. Local cultivar Požegača had the highest content of potassium, magnesium, calcium, iron, soluble solid content and vitamin C, and second highest content of iron, sugar, reducing sugars and cellulose. Anna Spath had the highest content of iron and sucrose. Highest content of sugar and anthocyanin was observed in Stanley cultivar. Total acids and reducing sugars were highest in
cultivar Čačanska Lepotica.
Keywords:physical characteristics, biochemical content, diversity
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