THE ROLE OF Pseudomonas STRAINS AND ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZA FUNGI AS ORGANIC PHOSPHATE–SOLUBILIZING IN THE YIELD AND QUALITY IMPROVEMENT OF STRAWBERRY (Fragaria × ananassa Duch., cv. Selva) FRUIT
Mohammad Hossein AnsariDepartment of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
Davood HashemabadiDepartment of Horticulture Science, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
Maryam MahdaviDepartment of Horticulture Science, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
This study evaluated the effect of Pseudomonas strains and arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF) in enhancing strawberry yield and phenolic and antioxidant capacity on a phosphorus (P) deficient calcareous soil. The experiments were conducted in three replicates with six treatments (four Pseudomonas strains, AMF and control) and three rates of P-fertilizer (0, 75, 150 kg P ha–1). Application of higher phosphate rates decreased total antioxidant capacity, total phenolic and flavonols content, whereas AMF and Pseudomonas strains increased quality and P concentration of fruit. The use of AMF and Pseudomonas strains resulted in better quality when used along with 75 kg P ha–1. These results demonstrated that the rhizospheric microorganisms improved the quality of fruit, especially when they applied in combination with lower rates of chemical fertilizers. Therefore, application of these microorganisms in sustainable agriculture is recommended.
Keywords:antioxidant capacity, fruit yield, phenolic content, rhizospheric microorganisms
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